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XGraphics.cs

#region PDFsharp - A .NET library for processing PDF
//
// Authors:
//   Stefan Lange (mailto:Stefan.Lange@pdfsharp.com)
//
// Copyright (c) 2005-2008 empira Software GmbH, Cologne (Germany)
//
// http://www.pdfsharp.com
// http://sourceforge.net/projects/pdfsharp
//
// Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
// copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"),
// to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation
// the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense,
// and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the
// Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
//
// The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included
// in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
//
// THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
// IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
// FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
// THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
// LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING
// FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER 
// DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
#endregion

using System;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Globalization;
using System.IO;
#if GDI
using System.Drawing;
using System.Drawing.Drawing2D;
using System.Drawing.Imaging;
#endif
#if WPF
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Media;
#endif
using PdfSharp.Internal;
using PdfSharp.Pdf;
using PdfSharp.Drawing.Pdf;
using PdfSharp.Pdf.Advanced;

namespace PdfSharp.Drawing
{
  /// <summary>
  /// Represents a drawing surface (or canvas) for a fixed size page.
  /// </summary>
00053   public sealed class XGraphics : IDisposable
  {
#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Initializes a new instance of the XGraphics class.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="gfx">The gfx.</param>
    /// <param name="size">The size.</param>
    /// <param name="pageUnit">The page unit.</param>
    /// <param name="pageDirection">The page direction.</param>
    XGraphics(Graphics gfx, XSize size, XGraphicsUnit pageUnit, XPageDirection pageDirection)
    {
      if (gfx == null)
      {
        //throw new ArgumentNullException("gfx");
        gfx = Graphics.FromHwnd(IntPtr.Zero);
      }

      this.gsStack = new GraphicsStateStack(this);
      this.targetContext = XGraphicTargetContext.GDI;
      this.gfx = gfx;
      this.drawGraphics = true;
      this.pageSize = new XSize(size.width, size.height);
      this.pageUnit = pageUnit;
      switch (pageUnit)
      {
        case XGraphicsUnit.Point:
          this.pageSizePoints = new XSize(size.width, size.height);
          break;

        case XGraphicsUnit.Inch:
          this.pageSizePoints = new XSize(XUnit.FromInch(size.width), XUnit.FromInch(size.height));
          break;

        case XGraphicsUnit.Millimeter:
          this.pageSizePoints = new XSize(XUnit.FromMillimeter(size.width), XUnit.FromMillimeter(size.height));
          break;

        case XGraphicsUnit.Centimeter:
          this.pageSizePoints = new XSize(XUnit.FromCentimeter(size.width), XUnit.FromCentimeter(size.height));
          break;

        default:
          throw new NotImplementedException("unit");
      }

      this.pageDirection = pageDirection;
      Initialize();
    }
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Initializes a new instance of the XGraphics class.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="dc">The drawing context.</param>
    /// <param name="size">The size.</param>
    /// <param name="pageUnit">The page unit.</param>
    /// <param name="pageDirection">The page direction.</param>
    XGraphics(DrawingContext dc, XSize size, XGraphicsUnit pageUnit, XPageDirection pageDirection)
    {
      if (dc == null)
      {
        //throw new ArgumentNullException("dc");
        this.dv = new DrawingVisual();
        dc = this.dv.RenderOpen();
      }

      this.gsStack = new GraphicsStateStack(this);
      this.targetContext = XGraphicTargetContext.WPF;
      this.dc = dc;
      this.drawGraphics = true;
      this.pageSize = new XSize(size.width, size.height);
      this.pageUnit = pageUnit;
      switch (pageUnit)
      {
        case XGraphicsUnit.Point:
          this.pageSizePoints = new XSize(size.width, size.height);
          break;

        case XGraphicsUnit.Inch:
          this.pageSizePoints = new XSize(XUnit.FromInch(size.width), XUnit.FromInch(size.height));
          break;

        case XGraphicsUnit.Millimeter:
          this.pageSizePoints = new XSize(XUnit.FromMillimeter(size.width), XUnit.FromMillimeter(size.height));
          break;

        case XGraphicsUnit.Centimeter:
          this.pageSizePoints = new XSize(XUnit.FromCentimeter(size.width), XUnit.FromCentimeter(size.height));
          break;

        default:
          throw new NotImplementedException("unit");
      }

      this.pageDirection = pageDirection;
      Initialize();
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Initializes a new instance of the XGraphics class for drawing on a PDF page.
    /// </summary>
00157     XGraphics(PdfPage page, XGraphicsPdfPageOptions options, XGraphicsUnit pageUnit, XPageDirection pageDirection)
    {
      if (page == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("page");

      if (page.Owner == null)
        throw new ArgumentException("You cannot draw on a page that is not owned by a PdfDocument object.", "page");

      if (page.RenderContent != null)
        throw new InvalidOperationException("An XGraphics object already exists for this page and must be disposed before a new one can be created.");

      if (page.Owner.IsReadOnly)
        throw new InvalidOperationException("Cannot create XGraphics for a page of a document that cannot be modified. Use PdfDocumentOpenMode.Modify.");

      this.gsStack = new GraphicsStateStack(this);
      PdfContent content = null;
      switch (options)
      {
        case XGraphicsPdfPageOptions.Replace:
          page.Contents.Elements.Clear();
          goto case XGraphicsPdfPageOptions.Append;

        case XGraphicsPdfPageOptions.Prepend:
          content = page.Contents.PrependContent();
          break;

        case XGraphicsPdfPageOptions.Append:
          content = page.Contents.AppendContent();
          break;
      }
      page.RenderContent = content;

#if GDI
      // HACK: 
      this.gfx = Graphics.FromHwnd(IntPtr.Zero);
      this.targetContext = XGraphicTargetContext.GDI;
      //Bitmap bm = new Bitmap(10, 10);
      //this.gfx = Graphics.FromImage(bm);
#endif
#if WPF
      this.dv = new DrawingVisual();
      this.dc = this.dv.RenderOpen();
      this.targetContext = XGraphicTargetContext.WPF;
#endif
#if GDI && WPF
      this.targetContext = PdfSharp.Internal.TargetContextHelper.TargetContext;
#endif
      this.renderer = new PdfSharp.Drawing.Pdf.XGraphicsPdfRenderer(page, this, options);
      this.pageSizePoints = new XSize(page.Width, page.Height);
      switch (pageUnit)
      {
        case XGraphicsUnit.Point:
          this.pageSize = new XSize(page.Width, page.Height);
          break;

        case XGraphicsUnit.Inch:
          this.pageSize = new XSize(XUnit.FromPoint(page.Width).Inch, XUnit.FromPoint(page.Height).Inch);
          break;

        case XGraphicsUnit.Millimeter:
          this.pageSize = new XSize(XUnit.FromPoint(page.Width).Millimeter, XUnit.FromPoint(page.Height).Millimeter);
          break;

        case XGraphicsUnit.Centimeter:
          this.pageSize = new XSize(XUnit.FromPoint(page.Width).Centimeter, XUnit.FromPoint(page.Height).Centimeter);
          break;

        default:
          throw new NotImplementedException("unit");
      }
      this.pageUnit = pageUnit;
      this.pageDirection = pageDirection;

      Initialize();
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Initializes a new instance of the XGraphics class used for drawing on a form.
    /// </summary>
00236     XGraphics(XForm form)
    {
      if (form == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("form");

      this.form = form;
      form.AssociateGraphics(this);

      this.gsStack = new GraphicsStateStack(this);
#if GDI && !WPF
      this.targetContext = XGraphicTargetContext.GDI;
      // If form.Owner is null create a meta file.
      if (form.Owner == null)
      {
        MemoryStream stream = new MemoryStream();
        Graphics refgfx = Graphics.FromHwnd(IntPtr.Zero);
        IntPtr hdc = refgfx.GetHdc();

#if true_
        // This code comes from my C++ RenderContext and checks some confusing details in connection 
        // with metafiles.
        //                                                                                    Display                 | LaserJet
        //                                                                               DPI   96 : 120               | 300
        // physical device size in MM                                                    ---------------------------------------------
        int horzSizeMM    = NativeMethods.GetDeviceCaps(hdc, NativeMethods.HORZSIZE);    // = 360 : 360               | 198 (not 210)
        int vertSizeMM    = NativeMethods.GetDeviceCaps(hdc, NativeMethods.VERTSIZE);    // = 290 : 290               | 288 (hot 297)
        // Cool:
        // My monitor is a Sony SDM-N80 and it's size is EXACTLY 360mm x 290mm!!
        // It is an 18.1" Flat Panel LCD display from 2002 and these are the values
        // an older display drivers reports in about 2003:
        //        Display  
        //  DPI   96 : 120
        //  --------------
        //       330 : 254
        //       254 : 203
        // Obviously my ATI driver reports the exact size of the monitor.


        // device size in pixel
        int horzSizePixel = NativeMethods.GetDeviceCaps(hdc, NativeMethods.HORZRES);     // = 1280 : 1280             | 4676
        int vertSizePixel = NativeMethods.GetDeviceCaps(hdc, NativeMethods.VERTRES);     // = 1024 : 1024             | 6814

        // 'logical' device resolution in DPI
        int logResX       = NativeMethods.GetDeviceCaps(hdc, NativeMethods.LOGPIXELSX);  // = 96 : 120                | 600
        int logResY       = NativeMethods.GetDeviceCaps(hdc, NativeMethods.LOGPIXELSY);  // = 96 : 120                | 600

        // now we can get the 'physical' device resolution...
        float phyResX = horzSizePixel / (horzSizeMM / 25.4f);  // = 98.521210 : 128.00000   | 599.85052
        float phyResY = vertSizePixel / (vertSizeMM / 25.4f);  // = 102.40000 : 128.12611   | 600.95691

        // ...and rescale the size of the meta rectangle.
        float magicX = logResX / phyResX;                      // = 0.97440946 : 0.93750000 | 1.0002491
        float magicY = logResY / phyResY;                      // = 0.93750000 : 0.93657720 | 0.99840766

        // use A4 page in point
        // adjust size of A4 page so that meta file fits with DrawImage...
        //RectangleF rcMagic = new RectangleF(0, 0, magicX * form.Width, magicY * form.Height);
        //m_PreviewMetafile = new Metafile(hdc, rcMagic, MetafileFrameUnitPoint,
        //  EmfTypeEmfPlusOnly, L"some description");
#endif

        RectangleF rect = new RectangleF(0, 0, form.PixelWidth, form.PixelHeight);
        this.metafile = new Metafile(stream, hdc, rect, MetafileFrameUnit.Pixel); //, EmfType.EmfPlusOnly);

        // Petzold disposes the refgfx object, although the hdc is in use of the metafile
        refgfx.ReleaseHdc(hdc);
        refgfx.Dispose();

        this.gfx = Graphics.FromImage(this.metafile);
        this.gfx.SmoothingMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.SmoothingMode.AntiAlias;
        this.drawGraphics = true;
      }
      else
      {
        this.metafile = null;
        this.gfx = Graphics.FromHwnd(IntPtr.Zero);
      }
      if (form.Owner != null)
        this.renderer = new PdfSharp.Drawing.Pdf.XGraphicsPdfRenderer(form, this);
      this.pageSize = form.Size;
      Initialize();
#endif
#if WPF && !GDI
      this.targetContext = XGraphicTargetContext.WPF;
      // If form.Owner is null create a meta file.
      if (form.Owner == null)
      {
        this.dv = new DrawingVisual();
        this.dc = this.dv.RenderOpen();
        this.drawGraphics = true;
      }
      else
      {
        this.dv = new DrawingVisual();
        this.dc = this.dv.RenderOpen();
      }
      if (form.Owner != null)
        this.renderer = new PdfSharp.Drawing.Pdf.XGraphicsPdfRenderer(form, this);
      this.pageSize = form.Size;
      Initialize();
#endif
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Creates the measure context. This is a graphics context created only for querying measures of text.
    /// Drawing on a measure context has no effect.
    /// </summary>
00343     public static XGraphics CreateMeasureContext(XSize size, XGraphicsUnit pageUnit, XPageDirection pageDirection)
    {
      XGraphics gfx = null;
#if GDI
      gfx = new XGraphics((System.Drawing.Graphics)null, size, pageUnit, pageDirection);
#endif
#if WPF
      gfx = new XGraphics((System.Windows.Media.DrawingContext)null, size, pageUnit, pageDirection);
#endif
      return gfx;
    }

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Creates a new instance of the XGraphics class from a System.Drawing.Graphics object.
    /// </summary>
    public static XGraphics FromGraphics(Graphics graphics, XSize size)
    {
      // TODO: Get object from cache...
      return new XGraphics(graphics, size, XGraphicsUnit.Point, XPageDirection.Downwards);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Creates a new instance of the XGraphics class from a System.Drawing.Graphics object.
    /// </summary>
    public static XGraphics FromGraphics(Graphics graphics, XSize size, XGraphicsUnit unit)
    {
      // TODO: Get object from cache...
      return new XGraphics(graphics, size, unit, XPageDirection.Downwards);
    }

    ///// <summary>
    ///// Creates a new instance of the XGraphics class from a System.Drawing.Graphics object.
    ///// </summary>
    //public static XGraphics FromGraphics(Graphics graphics, XSize size, XPageDirection pageDirection)
    //{
    //  // TODO: Get object from cache...
    //  return new XGraphics(graphics, size, XGraphicsUnit.Point, pageDirection);
    //}

    ///// <summary>
    ///// Creates a new instance of the XGraphics class from a System.Drawing.Graphics object.
    ///// </summary>
    //public static XGraphics FromGraphics(Graphics graphics, XSize size, XGraphicsUnit unit, XPageDirection pageDirection)
    //{
    //  // TODO: Get object from cache...
    //  return new XGraphics(graphics, size, XGraphicsUnit.Point, pageDirection);
    //}
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Creates a new instance of the XGraphics class from a System.Windows.Media.DrawingContext object.
    /// </summary>
    public static XGraphics FromDrawingContext(DrawingContext drawingContext, XSize size, XGraphicsUnit unit)
    {
      return new XGraphics(drawingContext, size, unit, XPageDirection.Downwards);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Creates a new instance of the XGraphics class from a PdfSharp.Pdf.PdfPage object.
    /// </summary>
00406     public static XGraphics FromPdfPage(PdfPage page)
    {
      return new XGraphics(page, XGraphicsPdfPageOptions.Append, XGraphicsUnit.Point, XPageDirection.Downwards);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Creates a new instance of the XGraphics class from a PdfSharp.Pdf.PdfPage object.
    /// </summary>
00414     public static XGraphics FromPdfPage(PdfPage page, XGraphicsUnit unit)
    {
      return new XGraphics(page, XGraphicsPdfPageOptions.Append, unit, XPageDirection.Downwards);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Creates a new instance of the XGraphics class from a PdfSharp.Pdf.PdfPage object.
    /// </summary>
00422     public static XGraphics FromPdfPage(PdfPage page, XPageDirection pageDirection)
    {
      return new XGraphics(page, XGraphicsPdfPageOptions.Append, XGraphicsUnit.Point, pageDirection);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Creates a new instance of the XGraphics class from a PdfSharp.Pdf.PdfPage object.
    /// </summary>
00430     public static XGraphics FromPdfPage(PdfPage page, XGraphicsPdfPageOptions options)
    {
      return new XGraphics(page, options, XGraphicsUnit.Point, XPageDirection.Downwards);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Creates a new instance of the XGraphics class from a PdfSharp.Pdf.PdfPage object.
    /// </summary>
00438     public static XGraphics FromPdfPage(PdfPage page, XGraphicsPdfPageOptions options, XPageDirection pageDirection)
    {
      return new XGraphics(page, options, XGraphicsUnit.Point, pageDirection);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Creates a new instance of the XGraphics class from a PdfSharp.Pdf.PdfPage object.
    /// </summary>
00446     public static XGraphics FromPdfPage(PdfPage page, XGraphicsPdfPageOptions options, XGraphicsUnit unit)
    {
      return new XGraphics(page, options, unit, XPageDirection.Downwards);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Creates a new instance of the XGraphics class from a PdfSharp.Pdf.PdfPage object.
    /// </summary>
00454     public static XGraphics FromPdfPage(PdfPage page, XGraphicsPdfPageOptions options, XGraphicsUnit unit, XPageDirection pageDirection)
    {
      return new XGraphics(page, options, unit, pageDirection);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Creates a new instance of the XGraphics class from a PdfSharp.Drawing.XPdfForm object.
    /// </summary>
00462     public static XGraphics FromPdfForm(XPdfForm form)
    {
      if (form.gfx != null)
        return form.gfx;

      return new XGraphics(form);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Creates a new instance of the XGraphics class from a PdfSharp.Drawing.XForm object.
    /// </summary>
00473     public static XGraphics FromForm(XForm form)
    {
      if (form.gfx != null)
        return form.gfx;

      return new XGraphics(form);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Internal setup.
    /// </summary>
00484     void Initialize()
    {
      this.pageOrigin = new XPoint();
      XMatrix matrix = XMatrix.Identity;

      double pageHeight = this.pageSize.height;
      PdfPage targetPage = PdfPage;
      XPoint trimOffset = new XPoint();
      if (targetPage != null && targetPage.TrimMargins.AreSet)
      {
        pageHeight += targetPage.TrimMargins.Top.Point + targetPage.TrimMargins.Bottom.Point;
        trimOffset = new XPoint(targetPage.TrimMargins.Left.Point, targetPage.TrimMargins.Top.Point);
      }

#if GDI
      if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
      {
        if (this.gfx != null)
          matrix = (XMatrix)gfx.Transform;

        if (this.pageUnit != XGraphicsUnit.Point)
        {
          switch (this.pageUnit)
          {
            case XGraphicsUnit.Inch:
              matrix.ScalePrepend(XUnit.InchFactor);
              break;

            case XGraphicsUnit.Millimeter:
              matrix.ScalePrepend(XUnit.MillimeterFactor);
              break;

            case XGraphicsUnit.Centimeter:
              matrix.ScalePrepend(XUnit.CentimeterFactor);
              break;

            case XGraphicsUnit.Presentation:
              matrix.ScalePrepend(XUnit.PresentationFactor);
              break;
          }
        }
      }
#endif
#if WPF
      if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
      {
        if (this.pageUnit != XGraphicsUnit.Presentation)
        {
          switch (this.pageUnit)
          {
            case XGraphicsUnit.Point:
              matrix.ScalePrepend(XUnit.PointFactorWpf);
              break;

            case XGraphicsUnit.Inch:
              matrix.ScalePrepend(XUnit.InchFactorWpf);
              break;

            case XGraphicsUnit.Millimeter:
              matrix.ScalePrepend(XUnit.MillimeterFactorWpf);
              break;

            case XGraphicsUnit.Centimeter:
              matrix.ScalePrepend(XUnit.CentimeterFactorWpf);
              break;
          }
          if (!matrix.IsIdentity)
          {
            MatrixTransform transform = new MatrixTransform((System.Windows.Media.Matrix)matrix);
            dc.PushTransform(transform);
          }
        }
      }
#endif

      if (this.pageDirection == XPageDirection.Upwards)
        matrix.Prepend(new XMatrix(1, 0, 0, -1, 0, pageHeight));

      if (trimOffset != new XPoint())
        matrix.TranslatePrepend(trimOffset.x, trimOffset.y);

      this.defaultViewMatrix = matrix;
      this.transform = XMatrix.Identity;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Releases all resources used by this object.
    /// </summary>
00572     public void Dispose()
    {
      Dispose(true);
    }

    void Dispose(bool disposing)
    {
      if (!this.disposed)
      {
        this.disposed = true;
        if (disposing)
        {
          // Dispose managed resources.
        }

        if (this.form != null)
          this.form.Finish();

#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
        {
          // GDI+ requires this to disassociate it from metafiles
          this.gfx.Dispose();
          this.gfx = null;
          this.metafile = null;
        }
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.dc != null)
        {
          this.dc.Close();
          this.dv = null;
        }
#endif
        this.drawGraphics = false;

        if (this.renderer != null)
        {
          this.renderer.Close();
          this.renderer = null;
        }
      }
    }
    bool disposed;

    /// <summary>
    /// Internal hack for MigraDoc. Will be removed in further releases.
    /// Unicode support requires a global refactoring of MigraDoc and will be done in further releases.
    /// </summary>
    public PdfFontEncoding MUH  // MigraDoc Unicode Hack...
00622     {
      get { return this.muh; }
      set { this.muh = value; }
    }
    PdfFontEncoding muh;

    /// <summary>
    /// Internal hack for MigraDoc. Will be removed in further releases.
    /// Font embedding support requires a global refactoring of MigraDoc and will be done in further releases.
    /// </summary>
    public PdfFontEmbedding MFEH  // MigraDoc Font Embedding Hack...
00633     {
      get { return this.mfeh; }
      set { this.mfeh = value; }
    }
    PdfFontEmbedding mfeh;

    /// <summary>
    /// A value indicating whether GDI+ or WPF is used as context.
    /// </summary>
00642     internal XGraphicTargetContext targetContext;

    /// <summary>
    /// Gets or sets the unit of measure used for page coordinates.
    /// CURRENTLY ONLY POINT IS IMPLEMENTED.
    /// </summary>
    public XGraphicsUnit PageUnit
00649     {
      get { return this.pageUnit; }
      //set
      //{
      //  // TODO: other page units
      //  if (value != XGraphicsUnit.Point)
      //    throw new NotImplementedException("PageUnit must be XGraphicsUnit.Point in current implementation.");
      //}
    }
    XGraphicsUnit pageUnit;

    /// <summary>
    /// Gets or sets the a value indicating in which direction y-value grow.
    /// </summary>
    public XPageDirection PageDirection
00664     {
      get { return this.pageDirection; }
      set
      {
        //TODO
        if (value != XPageDirection.Downwards)
          throw new NotImplementedException("PageDirection must be XPageDirection.Downwards in current implementation.");
      }
    }
    XPageDirection pageDirection;

    /// <summary>
    /// Gets the current page origin. Setting the origin is not yet implemented.
    /// </summary>
    public XPoint PageOrigin
00679     {
      get { return this.pageOrigin; }
      set
      {
        //TODO
        if (value != new XPoint())
          throw new NotImplementedException("PageOrigin cannot be modified in current implementation.");
      }
    }
    XPoint pageOrigin;

    /// <summary>
    /// Gets the current size of the page.
    /// </summary>
    public XSize PageSize
00694     {
      get { return this.pageSize; }
      //set
      //{
      //  //TODO
      //  throw new NotImplementedException("PageSize cannot be modified in current implementation.");
      //}
    }
    XSize pageSize;
    XSize pageSizePoints;

    //public void Flush();
    //public void Flush(FlushIntention intention);

    #region Drawing

    // ----- Clear --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    /// <summary>
    /// Fills the entire drawing surface with the specified color. The functions works only if
    /// the current transformation is identity, i.e. the function should be called only immediately
    /// after the XGraphics object was created.
    /// </summary>
00717     public void Clear(XColor color)
    {
      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
          this.gfx.Clear(color.ToGdiColor());
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
        {
          Rect rc = new Rect();
          rc.Width = rc.Height = 10000;
          this.dc.DrawRectangle(new SolidColorBrush(color.ToWpfColor()), null, rc);
        }
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.Clear(color);
    }

    // ----- DrawLine -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a line connecting two Point structures.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawLine(XPen pen, System.Drawing.Point pt1, System.Drawing.Point pt2)
    {
      DrawLine(pen, (double)pt1.X, (double)pt1.Y, (double)pt2.X, (double)pt2.Y);
    }
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a line connecting two Point structures.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawLine(XPen pen, System.Windows.Point pt1, System.Windows.Point pt2)
    {
      DrawLine(pen, (double)pt1.X, (double)pt1.Y, (double)pt2.X, (double)pt2.Y);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a line connecting two PointF structures.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawLine(XPen pen, PointF pt1, PointF pt2)
    {
      DrawLine(pen, pt1.X, pt1.Y, pt2.X, pt2.Y);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a line connecting two XPoint structures.
    /// </summary>
00774     public void DrawLine(XPen pen, XPoint pt1, XPoint pt2)
    {
      DrawLine(pen, pt1.X, pt1.Y, pt2.X, pt2.Y);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a line connecting the two points specified by coordinate pairs.
    /// </summary>
00782     public void DrawLine(XPen pen, int x1, int y1, int x2, int y2)
    {
      DrawLine(pen, (double)x1, (double)y1, (double)x2, (double)y2);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a line connecting the two points specified by coordinate pairs.
    /// </summary>
00790     public void DrawLine(XPen pen, double x1, double y1, double x2, double y2)
    {
      if (pen == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen");

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
          this.gfx.DrawLine(pen.RealizeGdiPen(), (float)x1, (float)y1, (float)x2, (float)y2);
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
          this.dc.DrawLine(pen.RealizeWpfPen(), new System.Windows.Point(x1, y1), new System.Windows.Point(x2, y2));
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawLines(pen, new XPoint[2] { new XPoint(x1, y1), new XPoint(x2, y2) });
    }

    // ----- DrawLines ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a series of line segments that connect an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawLines(XPen pen, System.Drawing.Point[] points)
    {
      DrawLines(pen, MakePointFArray(points));
    }
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a series of line segments that connect an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawLines(XPen pen, System.Windows.Point[] points)
    {
      DrawLines(pen, XGraphics.MakeXPointArray(points));
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a series of line segments that connect an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawLines(XPen pen, PointF[] points)
    {
      if (pen == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen");
      if (points == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("points");
      if (points.Length < 2)
        throw new ArgumentException("points", PSSR.PointArrayAtLeast(2));

      if (this.drawGraphics)
        this.gfx.DrawLines(pen.RealizeGdiPen(), points);

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawLines(pen, MakeXPointArray(points));
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a series of line segments that connect an array of points.
    /// </summary>
00857     public void DrawLines(XPen pen, XPoint[] points)
    {
      if (pen == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen");
      if (points == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("points");
      if (points.Length < 2)
        throw new ArgumentException("points", PSSR.PointArrayAtLeast(2));

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
          this.gfx.DrawLines(pen.RealizeGdiPen(), XGraphics.MakePointFArray(points));
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
        {
          PolyLineSegment seg = new PolyLineSegment(XGraphics.MakePointArray(points), true);
          PathFigure figure = new PathFigure();
          figure.StartPoint = new System.Windows.Point(points[0].x, points[0].y);
          figure.Segments.Add(seg);
          PathGeometry geo = new PathGeometry();
          geo.Figures.Add(figure);
          this.dc.DrawGeometry(null, pen.RealizeWpfPen(), geo);
        }
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawLines(pen, points);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a series of line segments that connect an array of x and y pairs.
    /// </summary>
00893     public void DrawLines(XPen pen, double x, double y, params double[] value)
    {
      if (pen == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen");
      if (value == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("value");

      int length = value.Length;
      XPoint[] points = new XPoint[length / 2 + 1];
      points[0].X = x;
      points[0].Y = y;
      for (int idx = 0; idx < length / 2; idx++)
      {
        points[idx + 1].X = value[2 * idx];
        points[idx + 1].Y = value[2 * idx + 1];
      }
      DrawLines(pen, points);
    }

    // ----- DrawBezier ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a Bézier spline defined by four points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawBezier(XPen pen, System.Drawing.Point pt1, System.Drawing.Point pt2, System.Drawing.Point pt3, System.Drawing.Point pt4)
    {
      DrawBezier(pen, (double)pt1.X, (double)pt1.Y, (double)pt2.X, (double)pt2.Y,
        (double)pt3.X, (double)pt3.Y, (double)pt4.X, (double)pt4.Y);
    }
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a Bézier spline defined by four points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawBezier(XPen pen, System.Windows.Point pt1, System.Windows.Point pt2, System.Windows.Point pt3, System.Windows.Point pt4)
    {
      DrawBezier(pen, (double)pt1.X, (double)pt1.Y, (double)pt2.X, (double)pt2.Y,
        (double)pt3.X, (double)pt3.Y, (double)pt4.X, (double)pt4.Y);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a Bézier spline defined by four points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawBezier(XPen pen, PointF pt1, PointF pt2, PointF pt3, PointF pt4)
    {
      DrawBezier(pen, pt1.X, pt1.Y, pt2.X, pt2.Y, pt3.X, pt3.Y, pt4.X, pt4.Y);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a Bézier spline defined by four points.
    /// </summary>
00949     public void DrawBezier(XPen pen, XPoint pt1, XPoint pt2, XPoint pt3, XPoint pt4)
    {
      DrawBezier(pen, pt1.X, pt1.Y, pt2.X, pt2.Y, pt3.X, pt3.Y, pt4.X, pt4.Y);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a Bézier spline defined by four points.
    /// </summary>
00957     public void DrawBezier(XPen pen, double x1, double y1, double x2, double y2,
      double x3, double y3, double x4, double y4)
    {
      if (pen == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen");

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
          this.gfx.DrawBezier(pen.RealizeGdiPen(), (float)x1, (float)y1, (float)x2, (float)y2, (float)x3, (float)y3, (float)x4, (float)y4);
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
        {
          BezierSegment seg = new BezierSegment(new System.Windows.Point(x2, y2), new System.Windows.Point(x3, y3), new System.Windows.Point(x4, y4), true);
          PathFigure figure = new PathFigure();
          figure.StartPoint = new System.Windows.Point(x1, y1);
          figure.Segments.Add(seg);
          PathGeometry geo = new PathGeometry();
          geo.Figures.Add(figure);
          this.dc.DrawGeometry(null, pen.RealizeWpfPen(), geo);
        }
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawBeziers(pen,
          new XPoint[4]{new XPoint(x1, y1), new XPoint(x2, y2), 
          new XPoint(x3, y3), new XPoint(x4, y4)});
    }

    // ----- DrawBeziers --------------------------------------------------------------------------

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a series of Bézier splines from an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawBeziers(XPen pen, System.Drawing.Point[] points)
    {
      DrawBeziers(pen, MakeXPointArray(points));
    }
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a series of Bézier splines from an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawBeziers(XPen pen, System.Windows.Point[] points)
    {
      DrawBeziers(pen, MakeXPointArray(points));
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a series of Bézier splines from an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawBeziers(XPen pen, PointF[] points)
    {
      DrawBeziers(pen, MakeXPointArray(points));
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a series of Bézier splines from an array of points.
    /// </summary>
01024     public void DrawBeziers(XPen pen, XPoint[] points)
    {
      if (pen == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen");

      int count = points.Length;
      if (count == 0)
        return;

      if ((count - 1) % 3 != 0)
        throw new ArgumentException("Invalid number of points for bezier curves. Number must fulfil 4+3n.", "points");

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
          this.gfx.DrawBeziers(pen.RealizeGdiPen(), MakePointFArray(points));
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
        {
          PathFigure figure = new PathFigure();
          figure.StartPoint = new System.Windows.Point(points[0].x, points[0].y);
          for (int idx = 1; idx < count; idx += 3)
          {
            BezierSegment seg = new BezierSegment(
              new System.Windows.Point(points[idx].x, points[idx].y),
              new System.Windows.Point(points[idx + 1].x, points[idx + 1].y),
              new System.Windows.Point(points[idx + 2].x, points[idx + 2].y), true);
            figure.Segments.Add(seg);
          }
          PathGeometry geo = new PathGeometry();
          geo.Figures.Add(figure);
          this.dc.DrawGeometry(null, pen.RealizeWpfPen(), geo);
        }
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawBeziers(pen, points);
    }

    // ----- DrawCurve ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a cardinal spline through a specified array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawCurve(XPen pen, System.Drawing.Point[] points)
    {
      DrawCurve(pen, MakePointFArray(points), 0.5);
    }
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a cardinal spline through a specified array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawCurve(XPen pen, System.Windows.Point[] points)
    {
      DrawCurve(pen, MakeXPointArray(points), 0.5);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a cardinal spline through a specified array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawCurve(XPen pen, PointF[] points)
    {
      DrawCurve(pen, MakeXPointArray(points), 0.5);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a cardinal spline through a specified array of points.
    /// </summary>
01101     public void DrawCurve(XPen pen, XPoint[] points)
    {
      DrawCurve(pen, points, 0.5);
    }

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a cardinal spline through a specified array of points using a specified tension. 
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawCurve(XPen pen, System.Drawing.Point[] points, double tension)
    {
      DrawCurve(pen, MakeXPointArray(points), tension);
    }
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a cardinal spline through a specified array of points using a specified tension. 
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawCurve(XPen pen, System.Windows.Point[] points, double tension)
    {
      DrawCurve(pen, MakeXPointArray(points), tension);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a cardinal spline through a specified array of points using a specified tension. 
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawCurve(XPen pen, PointF[] points, double tension)
    {
      DrawCurve(pen, MakeXPointArray(points), tension);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a cardinal spline through a specified array of points using a specified tension. 
    /// </summary>
01139     public void DrawCurve(XPen pen, XPoint[] points, double tension)
    {
      if (pen == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen");
      if (points == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("points");

      int count = points.Length;
      if (count < 2)
        throw new ArgumentException("DrawCurve requires two or more points.", "points");

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
          this.gfx.DrawCurve(pen.RealizeGdiPen(), MakePointFArray(points), (float)tension);
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
        {
          tension /= 3;

          PathFigure figure = new PathFigure();
          figure.StartPoint = new System.Windows.Point(points[0].x, points[0].y);
          if (count == 2)
          {
            figure.Segments.Add(GeometryHelper.CreateCurveSegment(points[0], points[0], points[1], points[1], tension));
          }
          else
          {
            figure.Segments.Add(GeometryHelper.CreateCurveSegment(points[0], points[0], points[1], points[2], tension));
            for (int idx = 1; idx < count - 2; idx++)
              figure.Segments.Add(GeometryHelper.CreateCurveSegment(points[idx - 1], points[idx], points[idx + 1], points[idx + 2], tension));
            figure.Segments.Add(GeometryHelper.CreateCurveSegment(points[count - 3], points[count - 2], points[count - 1], points[count - 1], tension));
          }
          PathGeometry geo = new PathGeometry();
          geo.Figures.Add(figure);
          this.dc.DrawGeometry(null, pen.RealizeWpfPen(), geo);
        }
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawCurve(pen, points, tension);
    }

    // TODO:
    //public void DrawCurve(XPen pen, PointF[] points, int offset, int numberOfSegments);
    //public void DrawCurve(XPen pen, Point[] points, int offset, int numberOfSegments, double tension);
    //public void DrawCurve(XPen pen, PointF[] points, int offset, int numberOfSegments, double tension);

    // ----- DrawArc ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws an arc representing a portion of an ellipse.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawArc(XPen pen, Rectangle rect, double startAngle, double sweepAngle)
    {
      DrawArc(pen, (double)rect.X, (double)rect.Y, (double)rect.Width, (double)rect.Height, startAngle, sweepAngle);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws an arc representing a portion of an ellipse.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawArc(XPen pen, RectangleF rect, double startAngle, double sweepAngle)
    {
      DrawArc(pen, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height, startAngle, sweepAngle);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws an arc representing a portion of an ellipse.
    /// </summary>
01215     public void DrawArc(XPen pen, XRect rect, double startAngle, double sweepAngle)
    {
      DrawArc(pen, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height, startAngle, sweepAngle);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws an arc representing a portion of an ellipse.
    /// </summary>
01223     public void DrawArc(XPen pen, int x, int y, int width, int height, int startAngle, int sweepAngle)
    {
      DrawArc(pen, (double)x, (double)y, (double)width, (double)height, startAngle, sweepAngle);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws an arc representing a portion of an ellipse.
    /// </summary>
01231     public void DrawArc(XPen pen, double x, double y, double width, double height, double startAngle, double sweepAngle)
    {
      if (pen == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen");

      if (Math.Abs(sweepAngle) >= 360)
      {
        DrawEllipse(pen, x, y, width, height);
      }
      else
      {
        if (this.drawGraphics)
        {
#if GDI
          if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
            this.gfx.DrawArc(pen.RealizeGdiPen(), (float)x, (float)y, (float)width, (float)height, (float)startAngle, (float)sweepAngle);
#endif
#if WPF
          if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
          {
            System.Windows.Point startPoint;
            ArcSegment seg = GeometryHelper.CreateArcSegment(x, y, width, height, startAngle, sweepAngle, out startPoint);
            PathFigure figure = new PathFigure();
            figure.StartPoint = startPoint;
            figure.Segments.Add(seg);
            PathGeometry geo = new PathGeometry();
            geo.Figures.Add(figure);
            this.dc.DrawGeometry(null, pen.RealizeWpfPen(), geo);
          }
#endif
        }

        if (this.renderer != null)
          this.renderer.DrawArc(pen, x, y, width, height, startAngle, sweepAngle);
      }
    }

    // ----- DrawRectangle ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    // ----- stroke -----

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangle.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawRectangle(XPen pen, Rectangle rect)
    {
      DrawRectangle(pen, (double)rect.X, (double)rect.Y, (double)rect.Width, (double)rect.Height);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangle.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawRectangle(XPen pen, RectangleF rect)
    {
      DrawRectangle(pen, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangle.
    /// </summary>
01295     public void DrawRectangle(XPen pen, XRect rect)
    {
      DrawRectangle(pen, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangle.
    /// </summary>
01303     public void DrawRectangle(XPen pen, int x, int y, int width, int height)
    {
      DrawRectangle(pen, (double)x, (double)y, (double)width, (double)height);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangle.
    /// </summary>
01311     public void DrawRectangle(XPen pen, double x, double y, double width, double height)
    {
      if (pen == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen");

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
          this.gfx.DrawRectangle(pen.RealizeGdiPen(), (float)x, (float)y, (float)width, (float)height);
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
          this.dc.DrawRectangle(null, pen.RealizeWpfPen(), new Rect(x, y, width, height));
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawRectangle(pen, null, x, y, width, height);
    }

    // ----- fill -----

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangle.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawRectangle(XBrush brush, Rectangle rect)
    {
      DrawRectangle(brush, (double)rect.X, (double)rect.Y, (double)rect.Width, (double)rect.Height);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangle.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawRectangle(XBrush brush, RectangleF rect)
    {
      DrawRectangle(brush, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangle.
    /// </summary>
01357     public void DrawRectangle(XBrush brush, XRect rect)
    {
      DrawRectangle(brush, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangle.
    /// </summary>
01365     public void DrawRectangle(XBrush brush, int x, int y, int width, int height)
    {
      DrawRectangle(brush, (double)x, (double)y, (double)width, (double)height);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangle.
    /// </summary>
01373     public void DrawRectangle(XBrush brush, double x, double y, double width, double height)
    {
      if (brush == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("brush");

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
          this.gfx.FillRectangle(brush.RealizeGdiBrush(), (float)x, (float)y, (float)width, (float)height);
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
          this.dc.DrawRectangle(brush.RealizeWpfBrush(), null, new Rect(x, y, width, height));
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawRectangle(null, brush, x, y, width, height);
    }

    // ----- stroke and fill -----

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangle.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawRectangle(XPen pen, XBrush brush, Rectangle rect)
    {
      DrawRectangle(pen, brush, (double)rect.X, (double)rect.Y, (double)rect.Width, (double)rect.Height);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangle.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawRectangle(XPen pen, XBrush brush, RectangleF rect)
    {
      DrawRectangle(pen, brush, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangle.
    /// </summary>
01419     public void DrawRectangle(XPen pen, XBrush brush, XRect rect)
    {
      DrawRectangle(pen, brush, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangle.
    /// </summary>
01427     public void DrawRectangle(XPen pen, XBrush brush, int x, int y, int width, int height)
    {
      DrawRectangle(pen, brush, (double)x, (double)y, (double)width, (double)height);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangle.
    /// </summary>
01435     public void DrawRectangle(XPen pen, XBrush brush, double x, double y, double width, double height)
    {
      if (pen == null && brush == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen and brush", PSSR.NeedPenOrBrush);

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
        {
          this.gfx.FillRectangle(brush.RealizeGdiBrush(), (float)x, (float)y, (float)width, (float)height);
          this.gfx.DrawRectangle(pen.RealizeGdiPen(), (float)x, (float)y, (float)width, (float)height);
        }
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
          this.dc.DrawRectangle(brush.RealizeWpfBrush(), pen.RealizeWpfPen(), new Rect(x, y, width, height));
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawRectangle(pen, brush, x, y, width, height);
    }

    // ----- DrawRectangles -----------------------------------------------------------------------

    // ----- stroke -----

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a series of rectangles.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawRectangles(XPen pen, Rectangle[] rectangles)
    {
      if (pen == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen");
      if (rectangles == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("rectangles");

      DrawRectangles(pen, null, rectangles);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a series of rectangles.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawRectangles(XPen pen, RectangleF[] rectangles)
    {
      if (pen == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen");
      if (rectangles == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("rectangles");

      DrawRectangles(pen, null, rectangles);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a series of rectangles.
    /// </summary>
01496     public void DrawRectangles(XPen pen, XRect[] rectangles)
    {
      if (pen == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen");
      if (rectangles == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("rectangles");

      DrawRectangles(pen, null, rectangles);
    }

    // ----- fill -----

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a series of rectangles.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawRectangles(XBrush brush, Rectangle[] rectangles)
    {
      if (brush == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("brush");
      if (rectangles == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("rectangles");

      DrawRectangles(null, brush, rectangles);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a series of rectangles.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawRectangles(XBrush brush, RectangleF[] rectangles)
    {
      if (brush == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("brush");
      if (rectangles == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("rectangles");

      DrawRectangles(null, brush, rectangles);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a series of rectangles.
    /// </summary>
01541     public void DrawRectangles(XBrush brush, XRect[] rectangles)
    {
      if (brush == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("brush");
      if (rectangles == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("rectangles");

      DrawRectangles(null, brush, rectangles);
    }

    // ----- stroke and fill -----

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a series of rectangles.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawRectangles(XPen pen, XBrush brush, Rectangle[] rectangles)
    {
      if (pen == null && brush == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen and brush", PSSR.NeedPenOrBrush);
      if (rectangles == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("rectangles");

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
        this.gfx.FillRectangles(brush.RealizeGdiBrush(), rectangles);
        this.gfx.DrawRectangles(pen.RealizeGdiPen(), rectangles);
      }
      if (this.renderer != null)
      {
        int count = rectangles.Length;
        for (int idx = 0; idx < count; idx++)
        {
          Rectangle rect = rectangles[idx];
          this.renderer.DrawRectangle(pen, brush, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height);
        }
      }
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a series of rectangles.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawRectangles(XPen pen, XBrush brush, RectangleF[] rectangles)
    {
      if (pen == null && brush == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen and brush", PSSR.NeedPenOrBrush);
      if (rectangles == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("rectangles");

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
        this.gfx.FillRectangles(brush.RealizeGdiBrush(), rectangles);
        this.gfx.DrawRectangles(pen.RealizeGdiPen(), rectangles);
      }
      if (this.renderer != null)
      {
        int count = rectangles.Length;
        for (int idx = 0; idx < count; idx++)
        {
          RectangleF rect = rectangles[idx];
          this.renderer.DrawRectangle(pen, brush, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height);
        }
      }
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a series of rectangles.
    /// </summary>
01612     public void DrawRectangles(XPen pen, XBrush brush, XRect[] rectangles)
    {
      if (pen == null && brush == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen and brush", PSSR.NeedPenOrBrush);
      if (rectangles == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("rectangles");

      int count = rectangles.Length;
      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
        {
          RectangleF[] rects = new RectangleF[count];
          for (int idx = 0; idx < count; idx++)
          {
            XRect rect = rectangles[idx];
            rects[idx] = new RectangleF((float)rect.X, (float)rect.Y, (float)rect.Width, (float)rect.Height);
          }
          if (brush != null)
            this.gfx.FillRectangles(brush.RealizeGdiBrush(), rects);
          if (pen != null)
            this.gfx.DrawRectangles(pen.RealizeGdiPen(), rects);
        }
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
        {
          System.Windows.Media.Brush wpfBrush = brush != null ? brush.RealizeWpfBrush() : null;
          System.Windows.Media.Pen wpfPen = pen != null ? pen.RealizeWpfPen() : null;
          for (int idx = 0; idx < count; idx++)
          {
            XRect rect = rectangles[idx];
            this.dc.DrawRectangle(wpfBrush, wpfPen, new System.Windows.Rect(new System.Windows.Point(rect.x, rect.y), new System.Windows.Size(rect.width, rect.height)));
          }
        }
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
      {
        for (int idx = 0; idx < count; idx++)
        {
          XRect rect = rectangles[idx];
          this.renderer.DrawRectangle(pen, brush, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height);
        }
      }
    }

    // ----- DrawRoundedRectangle -----------------------------------------------------------------

    // ----- stroke -----

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangles with round corners.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawRoundedRectangle(XPen pen, Rectangle rect, System.Drawing.Size ellipseSize)
    {
      DrawRoundedRectangle(pen, (double)rect.X, (double)rect.Y, (double)rect.Width, (double)rect.Height,
        (double)ellipseSize.Width, (double)ellipseSize.Height);
    }
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangles with round corners.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawRoundedRectangle(XPen pen, Rect rect, System.Windows.Size ellipseSize)
    {
      DrawRoundedRectangle(pen, (double)rect.X, (double)rect.Y, (double)rect.Width, (double)rect.Height,
        (double)ellipseSize.Width, (double)ellipseSize.Height);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangles with round corners.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawRoundedRectangle(XPen pen, RectangleF rect, SizeF ellipseSize)
    {
      DrawRoundedRectangle(pen, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height, ellipseSize.Width, ellipseSize.Height);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangles with round corners.
    /// </summary>
01700     public void DrawRoundedRectangle(XPen pen, XRect rect, XSize ellipseSize)
    {
      DrawRoundedRectangle(pen, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height, ellipseSize.Width, ellipseSize.Height);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangles with round corners.
    /// </summary>
01708     public void DrawRoundedRectangle(XPen pen, int x, int y, int width, int height, int ellipseWidth, int ellipseHeight)
    {
      DrawRoundedRectangle(pen, (double)x, (double)y, (double)width, (double)height, (double)ellipseWidth, (double)ellipseHeight);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangles with round corners.
    /// </summary>
01716     public void DrawRoundedRectangle(XPen pen, double x, double y, double width, double height, double ellipseWidth, double ellipseHeight)
    {
      if (pen == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen");

      DrawRoundedRectangle(pen, null, x, y, width, height, ellipseWidth, ellipseHeight);
    }

    // ----- fill -----

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangles with round corners.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawRoundedRectangle(XBrush brush, Rectangle rect, System.Drawing.Size ellipseSize)
    {
      DrawRoundedRectangle(brush, (double)rect.X, (double)rect.Y, (double)rect.Width, (double)rect.Height,
        (double)ellipseSize.Width, (double)ellipseSize.Height);
    }
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangles with round corners.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawRoundedRectangle(XBrush brush, Rect rect, System.Windows.Size ellipseSize)
    {
      DrawRoundedRectangle(brush, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height, ellipseSize.Width, ellipseSize.Height);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangles with round corners.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawRoundedRectangle(XBrush brush, RectangleF rect, SizeF ellipseSize)
    {
      DrawRoundedRectangle(brush, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height, ellipseSize.Width, ellipseSize.Height);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangles with round corners.
    /// </summary>
01760     public void DrawRoundedRectangle(XBrush brush, XRect rect, XSize ellipseSize)
    {
      DrawRoundedRectangle(brush, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height, ellipseSize.Width, ellipseSize.Height);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangles with round corners.
    /// </summary>
01768     public void DrawRoundedRectangle(XBrush brush, int x, int y, int width, int height, int ellipseWidth, int ellipseHeight)
    {
      DrawRoundedRectangle(brush, (double)x, (double)y, (double)width, (double)height, (double)ellipseWidth, (double)ellipseHeight);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangles with round corners.
    /// </summary>
01776     public void DrawRoundedRectangle(XBrush brush, double x, double y, double width, double height, double ellipseWidth, double ellipseHeight)
    {
      if (brush == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("brush");

      DrawRoundedRectangle(null, brush, x, y, width, height, ellipseWidth, ellipseHeight);
    }

    // ----- stroke and fill -----

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangles with round corners.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawRoundedRectangle(XPen pen, XBrush brush, Rectangle rect, System.Drawing.Size ellipseSize)
    {
      DrawRoundedRectangle(pen, brush, (double)rect.X, (double)rect.Y, (double)rect.Width, (double)rect.Height,
        (double)ellipseSize.Width, (double)ellipseSize.Height);
    }
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangles with round corners.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawRoundedRectangle(XPen pen, XBrush brush, Rect rect, System.Windows.Size ellipseSize)
    {
      DrawRoundedRectangle(pen, brush, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height, ellipseSize.Width, ellipseSize.Height);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangles with round corners.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawRoundedRectangle(XPen pen, XBrush brush, RectangleF rect, SizeF ellipseSize)
    {
      DrawRoundedRectangle(pen, brush, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height, ellipseSize.Width, ellipseSize.Height);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangles with round corners.
    /// </summary>
01820     public void DrawRoundedRectangle(XPen pen, XBrush brush, XRect rect, XSize ellipseSize)
    {
      DrawRoundedRectangle(pen, brush, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height, ellipseSize.Width, ellipseSize.Height);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangles with round corners.
    /// </summary>
01828     public void DrawRoundedRectangle(XPen pen, XBrush brush, int x, int y, int width, int height, int ellipseWidth, int ellipseHeight)
    {
      DrawRoundedRectangle(pen, brush, (double)x, (double)y, (double)width, (double)height, (double)ellipseWidth, (double)ellipseHeight);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a rectangles with round corners.
    /// </summary>
01836     public void DrawRoundedRectangle(XPen pen, XBrush brush, double x, double y, double width, double height,
      double ellipseWidth, double ellipseHeight)
    {
      if (pen == null && brush == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen and brush", PSSR.NeedPenOrBrush);

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
        {
          XGraphicsPath path = new XGraphicsPath();
          path.AddRoundedRectangle(x, y, width, height, ellipseWidth, ellipseHeight);
          DrawPath(pen, brush, path);
        }
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
        {
          this.dc.DrawRoundedRectangle(
            brush != null ? brush.RealizeWpfBrush() : null,
            pen != null ? pen.RealizeWpfPen() : null,
            new Rect(x, y, width, height), ellipseWidth / 2, ellipseHeight / 2);
        }
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawRoundedRectangle(pen, brush, x, y, width, height, ellipseWidth, ellipseHeight);
    }

    // ----- DrawEllipse --------------------------------------------------------------------------

    // ----- stroke -----

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws an ellipse defined by a bounding rectangle.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawEllipse(XPen pen, Rectangle rect)
    {
      DrawEllipse(pen, (double)rect.X, (double)rect.Y, (double)rect.Width, (double)rect.Height);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws an ellipse defined by a bounding rectangle.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawEllipse(XPen pen, RectangleF rect)
    {
      DrawEllipse(pen, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws an ellipse defined by a bounding rectangle.
    /// </summary>
01894     public void DrawEllipse(XPen pen, XRect rect)
    {
      DrawEllipse(pen, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws an ellipse defined by a bounding rectangle.
    /// </summary>
01902     public void DrawEllipse(XPen pen, int x, int y, int width, int height)
    {
      DrawEllipse(pen, (double)x, (double)y, (double)width, (double)height);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws an ellipse defined by a bounding rectangle.
    /// </summary>
01910     public void DrawEllipse(XPen pen, double x, double y, double width, double height)
    {
      if (pen == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen");

      // No DrawArc defined?
      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
          this.gfx.DrawArc(pen.RealizeGdiPen(), (float)x, (float)y, (float)width, (float)height, 0, 360);
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
        {
          double radiusX = width / 2;
          double radiusY = height / 2;
          this.dc.DrawEllipse(null, pen.RealizeWpfPen(), new System.Windows.Point(x + radiusX, y + radiusY), radiusX, radiusY);
        }
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawEllipse(pen, null, x, y, width, height);
    }

    // ----- fill -----

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws an ellipse defined by a bounding rectangle.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawEllipse(XBrush brush, Rectangle rect)
    {
      DrawEllipse(brush, (double)rect.X, (double)rect.Y, (double)rect.Width, (double)rect.Height);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws an ellipse defined by a bounding rectangle.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawEllipse(XBrush brush, RectangleF rect)
    {
      DrawEllipse(brush, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws an ellipse defined by a bounding rectangle.
    /// </summary>
01961     public void DrawEllipse(XBrush brush, XRect rect)
    {
      DrawEllipse(brush, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws an ellipse defined by a bounding rectangle.
    /// </summary>
01969     public void DrawEllipse(XBrush brush, int x, int y, int width, int height)
    {
      DrawEllipse(brush, (double)x, (double)y, (double)width, (double)height);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws an ellipse defined by a bounding rectangle.
    /// </summary>
01977     public void DrawEllipse(XBrush brush, double x, double y, double width, double height)
    {
      if (brush == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("brush");

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
          this.gfx.FillEllipse(brush.RealizeGdiBrush(), (float)x, (float)y, (float)width, (float)height);
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
        {
          double radiusX = width / 2;
          double radiusY = height / 2;
          this.dc.DrawEllipse(brush.RealizeWpfBrush(), null, new System.Windows.Point(x + radiusX, y + radiusY), radiusX, radiusY);
        }
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawEllipse(null, brush, x, y, width, height);
    }

    // ----- stroke and fill -----

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws an ellipse defined by a bounding rectangle.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawEllipse(XPen pen, XBrush brush, Rectangle rect)
    {
      DrawEllipse(pen, brush, (double)rect.X, (double)rect.Y, (double)rect.Width, (double)rect.Height);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws an ellipse defined by a bounding rectangle.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawEllipse(XPen pen, XBrush brush, RectangleF rect)
    {
      DrawEllipse(pen, brush, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws an ellipse defined by a bounding rectangle.
    /// </summary>
02027     public void DrawEllipse(XPen pen, XBrush brush, XRect rect)
    {
      DrawEllipse(pen, brush, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws an ellipse defined by a bounding rectangle.
    /// </summary>
02035     public void DrawEllipse(XPen pen, XBrush brush, int x, int y, int width, int height)
    {
      DrawEllipse(pen, brush, (double)x, (double)y, (double)width, (double)height);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws an ellipse defined by a bounding rectangle.
    /// </summary>
02043     public void DrawEllipse(XPen pen, XBrush brush, double x, double y, double width, double height)
    {
      if (pen == null && brush == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen and brush", PSSR.NeedPenOrBrush);

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
        {
          this.gfx.FillEllipse(brush.RealizeGdiBrush(), (float)x, (float)y, (float)width, (float)height);
          this.gfx.DrawArc(pen.RealizeGdiPen(), (float)x, (float)y, (float)width, (float)height, 0, 360);
        }
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
        {
          double radiusX = width / 2;
          double radiusY = height / 2;
          this.dc.DrawEllipse(brush.RealizeWpfBrush(), pen.RealizeWpfPen(), new System.Windows.Point(x + radiusX, y + radiusY), radiusX, radiusY);
        }
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawEllipse(pen, brush, x, y, width, height);
    }

    // ----- DrawPolygon --------------------------------------------------------------------------

    // ----- stroke -----

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a polygon defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawPolygon(XPen pen, System.Drawing.Point[] points)
    {
      DrawPolygon(pen, MakeXPointArray(points));
    }
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a polygon defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawPolygon(XPen pen, System.Windows.Point[] points)
    {
      DrawPolygon(pen, MakeXPointArray(points));
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a polygon defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawPolygon(XPen pen, PointF[] points)
    {
      DrawPolygon(pen, MakeXPointArray(points));
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a polygon defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
02108     public void DrawPolygon(XPen pen, XPoint[] points)
    {
      if (pen == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen");
      if (points == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("points");
      if (points.Length < 2)
        throw new ArgumentException("points", PSSR.PointArrayAtLeast(2));

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
          this.gfx.DrawPolygon(pen.RealizeGdiPen(), MakePointFArray(points));
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
        {
          System.Windows.Point[] p = MakePointArray(points);
          this.dc.DrawGeometry(null, pen.RealizeWpfPen(), GeometryHelper.CreatePolygonGeometry(MakePointArray(points), XFillMode.Alternate, true));
        }
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawPolygon(pen, null, points, XFillMode.Alternate);  // XFillMode is ignored
    }

    // ----- fill -----

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a polygon defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawPolygon(XBrush brush, System.Drawing.Point[] points, XFillMode fillmode)
    {
      DrawPolygon(brush, MakeXPointArray(points), fillmode);
    }
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a polygon defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawPolygon(XBrush brush, System.Windows.Point[] points, XFillMode fillmode)
    {
      DrawPolygon(brush, MakeXPointArray(points), fillmode);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a polygon defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawPolygon(XBrush brush, PointF[] points, XFillMode fillmode)
    {
      DrawPolygon(brush, MakeXPointArray(points), fillmode);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a polygon defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
02171     public void DrawPolygon(XBrush brush, XPoint[] points, XFillMode fillmode)
    {
      if (brush == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("brush");
      if (points == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("points");
      if (points.Length < 2)
        throw new ArgumentException("points", PSSR.PointArrayAtLeast(2));

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
          this.gfx.FillPolygon(brush.RealizeGdiBrush(), MakePointFArray(points), (FillMode)fillmode);
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
        {
          System.Windows.Point[] p = MakePointArray(points);
          this.dc.DrawGeometry(brush.RealizeWpfBrush(), null, GeometryHelper.CreatePolygonGeometry(MakePointArray(points), fillmode, true));
        }
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawPolygon(null, brush, points, fillmode);
    }

    // ----- stroke and fill -----

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a polygon defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawPolygon(XPen pen, XBrush brush, System.Drawing.Point[] points, XFillMode fillmode)
    {
      DrawPolygon(pen, brush, MakeXPointArray(points), fillmode);
    }
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a polygon defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawPolygon(XPen pen, XBrush brush, System.Windows.Point[] points, XFillMode fillmode)
    {
      DrawPolygon(pen, brush, MakeXPointArray(points), fillmode);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a polygon defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawPolygon(XPen pen, XBrush brush, PointF[] points, XFillMode fillmode)
    {
      DrawPolygon(pen, brush, MakeXPointArray(points), fillmode);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a polygon defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
02234     public void DrawPolygon(XPen pen, XBrush brush, XPoint[] points, XFillMode fillmode)
    {
      if (pen == null && brush == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen and brush", PSSR.NeedPenOrBrush);
      if (points == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("points");
      if (points.Length < 2)
        throw new ArgumentException("points", PSSR.PointArrayAtLeast(2));

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
        {
          PointF[] pts = MakePointFArray(points);
          this.gfx.FillPolygon(brush.RealizeGdiBrush(), pts, (FillMode)fillmode);
          this.gfx.DrawPolygon(pen.RealizeGdiPen(), pts);
        }
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
        {
          System.Windows.Media.Brush wpfBrush = brush != null ? brush.RealizeWpfBrush() : null;
          System.Windows.Media.Pen wpfPen = brush != null ? pen.RealizeWpfPen() : null;
          this.dc.DrawGeometry(wpfBrush, wpfPen, GeometryHelper.CreatePolygonGeometry(MakePointArray(points), fillmode, true));
        }
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawPolygon(pen, brush, points, fillmode);
    }

    // ----- DrawPie ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    // ----- stroke -----

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a pie defined by an ellipse.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawPie(XPen pen, Rectangle rect, double startAngle, double sweepAngle)
    {
      DrawPie(pen, (double)rect.X, (double)rect.Y, (double)rect.Width, (double)rect.Height, startAngle, sweepAngle);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a pie defined by an ellipse.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawPie(XPen pen, RectangleF rect, double startAngle, double sweepAngle)
    {
      DrawPie(pen, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height, startAngle, sweepAngle);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a pie defined by an ellipse.
    /// </summary>
02294     public void DrawPie(XPen pen, XRect rect, double startAngle, double sweepAngle)
    {
      DrawPie(pen, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height, startAngle, sweepAngle);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a pie defined by an ellipse.
    /// </summary>
02302     public void DrawPie(XPen pen, int x, int y, int width, int height, int startAngle, int sweepAngle)
    {
      DrawPie(pen, (double)x, (double)y, (double)width, (double)height, (double)startAngle, (double)sweepAngle);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a pie defined by an ellipse.
    /// </summary>
02310     public void DrawPie(XPen pen, double x, double y, double width, double height, double startAngle, double sweepAngle)
    {
      if (pen == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen", PSSR.NeedPenOrBrush);

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
          this.gfx.DrawPie(pen.RealizeGdiPen(), (float)x, (float)y, (float)width, (float)height, (float)startAngle, (float)sweepAngle);
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
          DrawPie(pen, null, x, y, width, height, startAngle, sweepAngle);
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawPie(pen, null, x, y, width, height, startAngle, sweepAngle);
    }

    // ----- fill -----

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a pie defined by an ellipse.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawPie(XBrush brush, Rectangle rect, double startAngle, double sweepAngle)
    {
      DrawPie(brush, (double)rect.X, (double)rect.Y, (double)rect.Width, (double)rect.Height, startAngle, sweepAngle);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a pie defined by an ellipse.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawPie(XBrush brush, RectangleF rect, double startAngle, double sweepAngle)
    {
      DrawPie(brush, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height, startAngle, sweepAngle);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a pie defined by an ellipse.
    /// </summary>
02356     public void DrawPie(XBrush brush, XRect rect, double startAngle, double sweepAngle)
    {
      DrawPie(brush, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height, startAngle, sweepAngle);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a pie defined by an ellipse.
    /// </summary>
02364     public void DrawPie(XBrush brush, int x, int y, int width, int height, int startAngle, int sweepAngle)
    {
      DrawPie(brush, (double)x, (double)y, (double)width, (double)height, (double)startAngle, (double)sweepAngle);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a pie defined by an ellipse.
    /// </summary>
02372     public void DrawPie(XBrush brush, double x, double y, double width, double height, double startAngle, double sweepAngle)
    {
      if (brush == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("brush", PSSR.NeedPenOrBrush);

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
          this.gfx.FillPie(brush.RealizeGdiBrush(), (float)x, (float)y, (float)width, (float)height, (float)startAngle, (float)sweepAngle);
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
          DrawPie(null, brush, x, y, width, height, startAngle, sweepAngle);
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawPie(null, brush, x, y, width, height, startAngle, sweepAngle);
    }

    // ----- stroke and fill -----

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a pie defined by an ellipse.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawPie(XPen pen, XBrush brush, Rectangle rect, double startAngle, double sweepAngle)
    {
      DrawPie(pen, brush, (double)rect.X, (double)rect.Y, (double)rect.Width, (double)rect.Height, startAngle, sweepAngle);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a pie defined by an ellipse.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawPie(XPen pen, XBrush brush, RectangleF rect, double startAngle, double sweepAngle)
    {
      DrawPie(pen, brush, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height, startAngle, sweepAngle);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a pie defined by an ellipse.
    /// </summary>
02418     public void DrawPie(XPen pen, XBrush brush, XRect rect, double startAngle, double sweepAngle)
    {
      DrawPie(pen, brush, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height, startAngle, sweepAngle);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a pie defined by an ellipse.
    /// </summary>
02426     public void DrawPie(XPen pen, XBrush brush, int x, int y, int width, int height, int startAngle, int sweepAngle)
    {
      DrawPie(pen, brush, (double)x, (double)y, (double)width, (double)height, (double)startAngle, (double)sweepAngle);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a pie defined by an ellipse.
    /// </summary>
02434     public void DrawPie(XPen pen, XBrush brush, double x, double y, double width, double height, double startAngle, double sweepAngle)
    {
      if (pen == null && brush == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen", PSSR.NeedPenOrBrush);

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
        {
          this.gfx.FillPie(brush.RealizeGdiBrush(), (float)x, (float)y, (float)width, (float)height, (float)startAngle, (float)sweepAngle);
          this.gfx.DrawPie(pen.RealizeGdiPen(), (float)x, (float)y, (float)width, (float)height, (float)startAngle, (float)sweepAngle);
        }
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
        {
          System.Windows.Media.Brush wpfBrush = brush != null ? brush.RealizeWpfBrush() : null;
          System.Windows.Media.Pen wpfPen = pen != null ? pen.RealizeWpfPen() : null;
          System.Windows.Point center = new System.Windows.Point(x + width / 2, y + height / 2);
          System.Windows.Point startArc;
          ArcSegment arc = GeometryHelper.CreateArcSegment(x, y, width, height, startAngle, sweepAngle, out startArc);
          PathFigure figure = new PathFigure();
          figure.StartPoint = center;
          figure.Segments.Add(new LineSegment(startArc, true));
          figure.Segments.Add(arc);
          figure.IsClosed = true;
          PathGeometry geo = new PathGeometry();
          geo.Figures.Add(figure);
          this.dc.DrawGeometry(wpfBrush, wpfPen, geo);
        }
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawPie(pen, brush, x, y, width, height, startAngle, sweepAngle);
    }

    // ----- DrawClosedCurve ----------------------------------------------------------------------

    // ----- stroke -----

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawClosedCurve(XPen pen, System.Drawing.Point[] points)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(pen, null, MakeXPointArray(points), XFillMode.Alternate, 0.5);
    }
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawClosedCurve(XPen pen, System.Windows.Point[] points)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(pen, null, MakeXPointArray(points), XFillMode.Alternate, 0.5);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawClosedCurve(XPen pen, PointF[] points)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(pen, null, MakeXPointArray(points), XFillMode.Alternate, 0.5);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
02509     public void DrawClosedCurve(XPen pen, XPoint[] points)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(pen, null, points, XFillMode.Alternate, 0.5);
    }

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawClosedCurve(XPen pen, System.Drawing.Point[] points, double tension)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(pen, null, MakeXPointArray(points), XFillMode.Alternate, tension);
    }
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawClosedCurve(XPen pen, System.Windows.Point[] points, double tension)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(pen, null, MakeXPointArray(points), XFillMode.Alternate, tension);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawClosedCurve(XPen pen, PointF[] points, double tension)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(pen, null, MakeXPointArray(points), XFillMode.Alternate, tension);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
02547     public void DrawClosedCurve(XPen pen, XPoint[] points, double tension)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(pen, null, points, XFillMode.Alternate, tension);
    }

    // ----- fill -----

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawClosedCurve(XBrush brush, System.Drawing.Point[] points)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(null, brush, MakeXPointArray(points), XFillMode.Alternate, 0.5);
    }
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawClosedCurve(XBrush brush, System.Windows.Point[] points)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(null, brush, MakeXPointArray(points), XFillMode.Alternate, 0.5);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawClosedCurve(XBrush brush, PointF[] points)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(null, brush, MakeXPointArray(points), XFillMode.Alternate, 0.5);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
02587     public void DrawClosedCurve(XBrush brush, XPoint[] points)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(null, brush, points, XFillMode.Alternate, 0.5);
    }

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawClosedCurve(XBrush brush, System.Drawing.Point[] points, XFillMode fillmode)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(null, brush, MakeXPointArray(points), fillmode, 0.5);
    }
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawClosedCurve(XBrush brush, System.Windows.Point[] points, XFillMode fillmode)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(null, brush, MakeXPointArray(points), fillmode, 0.5);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawClosedCurve(XBrush brush, PointF[] points, XFillMode fillmode)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(null, brush, MakeXPointArray(points), fillmode, 0.5);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
02625     public void DrawClosedCurve(XBrush brush, XPoint[] points, XFillMode fillmode)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(null, brush, points, fillmode, 0.5);
    }

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawClosedCurve(XBrush brush, System.Drawing.Point[] points, XFillMode fillmode, double tension)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(null, brush, MakeXPointArray(points), fillmode, tension);
    }
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawClosedCurve(XBrush brush, System.Windows.Point[] points, XFillMode fillmode, double tension)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(null, brush, MakeXPointArray(points), fillmode, tension);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawClosedCurve(XBrush brush, PointF[] points, XFillMode fillmode, double tension)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(null, brush, MakeXPointArray(points), fillmode, tension);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
02663     public void DrawClosedCurve(XBrush brush, XPoint[] points, XFillMode fillmode, double tension)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(null, brush, points, fillmode, tension);
      //      if (brush == null)
      //        throw new ArgumentNullException("brush");

      //      if (this.drawGraphics)
      //      {
      //#if GDI
      //        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
      //          this.gfx.FillClosedCurve(brush.RealizeGdiBrush(), MakePointFArray(points), (FillMode)fillmode, (float)tension);
      //#endif
      //#if WPF
      //        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
      //        {
      //          // throw new NotImplementedException("TODO");
      //        }
      //#endif
      //      }

      //      if (this.renderer != null)
      //        this.renderer.DrawClosedCurve(null, brush, points, tension, fillmode);
    }

    // ----- stroke and fill -----

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawClosedCurve(XPen pen, XBrush brush, System.Drawing.Point[] points)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(pen, brush, MakeXPointArray(points), XFillMode.Alternate, 0.5);
    }
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawClosedCurve(XPen pen, XBrush brush, System.Windows.Point[] points)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(pen, brush, MakeXPointArray(points), XFillMode.Alternate, 0.5);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawClosedCurve(XPen pen, XBrush brush, PointF[] points)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(pen, brush, MakeXPointArray(points), XFillMode.Alternate, 0.5);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
02722     public void DrawClosedCurve(XPen pen, XBrush brush, XPoint[] points)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(pen, brush, points, XFillMode.Alternate, 0.5);
    }

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawClosedCurve(XPen pen, XBrush brush, System.Drawing.Point[] points, XFillMode fillmode)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(pen, brush, MakeXPointArray(points), fillmode, 0.5);
    }
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawClosedCurve(XPen pen, XBrush brush, System.Windows.Point[] points, XFillMode fillmode)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(pen, brush, MakeXPointArray(points), fillmode, 0.5);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawClosedCurve(XPen pen, XBrush brush, PointF[] points, XFillMode fillmode)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(pen, brush, MakeXPointArray(points), fillmode, 0.5);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
02760     public void DrawClosedCurve(XPen pen, XBrush brush, XPoint[] points, XFillMode fillmode)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(pen, brush, points, fillmode, 0.5);
    }

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawClosedCurve(XPen pen, XBrush brush, System.Drawing.Point[] points, XFillMode fillmode, double tension)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(pen, brush, MakeXPointArray(points), fillmode, tension);
    }
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawClosedCurve(XPen pen, XBrush brush, System.Windows.Point[] points, XFillMode fillmode, double tension)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(pen, brush, MakeXPointArray(points), fillmode, tension);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawClosedCurve(XPen pen, XBrush brush, PointF[] points, XFillMode fillmode, double tension)
    {
      DrawClosedCurve(pen, brush, MakeXPointArray(points), fillmode, tension);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a closed cardinal spline defined by an array of points.
    /// </summary>
02798     public void DrawClosedCurve(XPen pen, XBrush brush, XPoint[] points, XFillMode fillmode, double tension)
    {
      if (pen == null && brush == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen and brush", PSSR.NeedPenOrBrush);

      int count = points.Length;
      if (count == 0)
        return;
      if (count < 2)
        throw new ArgumentException("Not enough points.", "points");

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
        {
          if (brush != null)
            this.gfx.FillClosedCurve(brush.RealizeGdiBrush(), MakePointFArray(points), (FillMode)fillmode, (float)tension);
          if (pen != null)
          {
            // The fillmode is not used by DrawClosedCurve
            this.gfx.DrawClosedCurve(pen.RealizeGdiPen(), MakePointFArray(points), (float)tension, (FillMode)fillmode);
          }
        }
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
        {
          tension /= 3; // Simply tried out. Not proofed why it is correct.

          PathFigure figure = new PathFigure();
          figure.IsClosed = true;
          figure.StartPoint = new System.Windows.Point(points[0].x, points[0].y);
          if (count == 2)
          {
            figure.Segments.Add(GeometryHelper.CreateCurveSegment(points[0], points[0], points[1], points[1], tension));
          }
          else
          {
            figure.Segments.Add(GeometryHelper.CreateCurveSegment(points[count - 1], points[0], points[1], points[2], tension));
            for (int idx = 1; idx < count - 2; idx++)
              figure.Segments.Add(GeometryHelper.CreateCurveSegment(points[idx - 1], points[idx], points[idx + 1], points[idx + 2], tension));
            figure.Segments.Add(GeometryHelper.CreateCurveSegment(points[count - 3], points[count - 2], points[count - 1], points[0], tension));
            figure.Segments.Add(GeometryHelper.CreateCurveSegment(points[count - 2], points[count - 1], points[0], points[1], tension));
          }
          PathGeometry geo = new PathGeometry();
          geo.FillRule = fillmode == XFillMode.Alternate ? FillRule.EvenOdd : FillRule.Nonzero;
          geo.Figures.Add(figure);
          System.Windows.Media.Brush wpfBrush = brush != null ? brush.RealizeWpfBrush() : null;
          System.Windows.Media.Pen wpfPen = pen != null ? pen.RealizeWpfPen() : null;
          this.dc.DrawGeometry(wpfBrush, wpfPen, geo);
        }
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawClosedCurve(pen, brush, points, tension, fillmode);
    }

    // ----- DrawPath -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    // ----- stroke -----

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a graphical path.
    /// </summary>
02864     public void DrawPath(XPen pen, XGraphicsPath path)
    {
      if (pen == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen");
      if (path == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("path");

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
          this.gfx.DrawPath(pen.RealizeGdiPen(), path.gdipPath);
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
          this.dc.DrawGeometry(null, pen.RealizeWpfPen(), path.pathGeometry);
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawPath(pen, null, path);
    }

    // ----- fill -----

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a graphical path.
    /// </summary>
02892     public void DrawPath(XBrush brush, XGraphicsPath path)
    {
      if (brush == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("brush");
      if (path == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("path");

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
          this.gfx.FillPath(brush.RealizeGdiBrush(), path.gdipPath);
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
          this.dc.DrawGeometry(brush.RealizeWpfBrush(), null, path.pathGeometry);
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawPath(null, brush, path);
    }

    // ----- stroke and fill -----

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws a graphical path.
    /// </summary>
02920     public void DrawPath(XPen pen, XBrush brush, XGraphicsPath path)
    {
      if (pen == null && brush == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("pen and brush", PSSR.NeedPenOrBrush);
      if (path == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("path");

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
        {
          if (brush != null)
            this.gfx.FillPath(brush.RealizeGdiBrush(), path.gdipPath);
          if (pen != null)
            this.gfx.DrawPath(pen.RealizeGdiPen(), path.gdipPath);
        }
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
        {
          System.Windows.Media.Brush wpfBrush = brush != null ? brush.RealizeWpfBrush() : null;
          System.Windows.Media.Pen wpfPen = pen != null ? pen.RealizeWpfPen() : null;
          this.dc.DrawGeometry(wpfBrush, wpfPen, path.pathGeometry);
        }
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawPath(pen, brush, path);
    }

    // ----- DrawString ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified text string.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawString(string s, XFont font, XBrush brush, PointF point)
    {
      DrawString(s, font, brush, new XRect(point.X, point.Y, 0, 0), XStringFormats.Default);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified text string.
    /// </summary>
02967     public void DrawString(string s, XFont font, XBrush brush, XPoint point)
    {
      DrawString(s, font, brush, new XRect(point.X, point.Y, 0, 0), XStringFormats.Default);
    }

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified text string.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawString(string s, XFont font, XBrush brush, PointF point, XStringFormat format)
    {
      DrawString(s, font, brush, new XRect(point.X, point.Y, 0, 0), format);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified text string.
    /// </summary>
02985     public void DrawString(string s, XFont font, XBrush brush, XPoint point, XStringFormat format)
    {
      DrawString(s, font, brush, new XRect(point.X, point.Y, 0, 0), format);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified text string.
    /// </summary>
02993     public void DrawString(string s, XFont font, XBrush brush, double x, double y)
    {
      DrawString(s, font, brush, new XRect(x, y, 0, 0), XStringFormats.Default);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified text string.
    /// </summary>
03001     public void DrawString(string s, XFont font, XBrush brush, double x, double y, XStringFormat format)
    {
      DrawString(s, font, brush, new XRect(x, y, 0, 0), format);
    }

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified text string.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawString(string s, XFont font, XBrush brush, RectangleF layoutRectangle)
    {
      DrawString(s, font, brush, new XRect(layoutRectangle), XStringFormats.Default);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified text string.
    /// </summary>
03019     public void DrawString(string s, XFont font, XBrush brush, XRect layoutRectangle)
    {
      DrawString(s, font, brush, layoutRectangle, XStringFormats.Default);
    }

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified text string.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawString(string s, XFont font, XBrush brush, RectangleF layoutRectangle, XStringFormat format)
    {
      DrawString(s, font, brush, new XRect(layoutRectangle), format);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified text string.
    /// </summary>
03037     public void DrawString(string text, XFont font, XBrush brush, XRect layoutRectangle, XStringFormat format)
    {
      if (text == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("s");
      if (font == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("font");
      if (brush == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("brush");

      if (format.LineAlignment == XLineAlignment.BaseLine && layoutRectangle.Height != 0)
        throw new InvalidOperationException("DrawString: With XLineAlignment.BaseLine the height of the layout rectangle must be 0.");

      if (text.Length == 0)
        return;

      if (format == null)
        format = XStringFormats.Default;

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
        {
          RectangleF rect = layoutRectangle.ToRectangleF();
          if (format.LineAlignment == XLineAlignment.BaseLine)
          {
            double lineSpace = font.GetHeight(this);
            int cellSpace = font.FontFamily.GetLineSpacing(font.Style);
            int cellAscent = font.FontFamily.GetCellAscent(font.Style);
            int cellDescent = font.FontFamily.GetCellDescent(font.Style);
            double cyAscent = lineSpace * cellAscent / cellSpace;
            cyAscent = lineSpace * font.cellAscent / font.cellSpace;
            rect.Offset(0, (float)-cyAscent);
          }
          this.gfx.DrawString(text, font.RealizeGdiFont(), brush.RealizeGdiBrush(), rect,
            format != null ? format.RealizeGdiStringFormat() : null);
        }
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
        {
          double x = layoutRectangle.X;
          double y = layoutRectangle.Y;

          double lineSpace = font.GetHeight(this);
          double cyAscent = lineSpace * font.cellAscent / font.cellSpace;
          double cyDescent = lineSpace * font.cellDescent / font.cellSpace;

          bool bold = (font.Style & XFontStyle.Bold) != 0;
          bool italic = (font.Style & XFontStyle.Italic) != 0;
          bool strikeout = (font.Style & XFontStyle.Strikeout) != 0;
          bool underline = (font.Style & XFontStyle.Underline) != 0;

          FormattedText formattedText = new FormattedText(text, new CultureInfo("en-us"), // WPFHACK
            FlowDirection.LeftToRight, font.typeface, font.Size, brush.RealizeWpfBrush());

          //formattedText.SetTextDecorations(TextDecorations.OverLine);
          switch (format.Alignment)
          {
            case XStringAlignment.Near:
              // nothing to do, this is the default
              //formattedText.TextAlignment = TextAlignment.Left;
              break;

            case XStringAlignment.Center:
              x += layoutRectangle.Width / 2;
              formattedText.TextAlignment = TextAlignment.Center;
              break;

            case XStringAlignment.Far:
              x += layoutRectangle.Width;
              formattedText.TextAlignment = TextAlignment.Right;
              break;
          }
          if (PageDirection == XPageDirection.Downwards)
          {
            switch (format.LineAlignment)
            {
              case XLineAlignment.Near:
                //y += cyAscent;
                break;

              case XLineAlignment.Center:
                // TODO use CapHeight. PDFlib also uses 3/4 of ascent
                y += -formattedText.Baseline + (cyAscent * 1 / 3) + layoutRectangle.Height / 2;
                //y += -formattedText.Baseline + (font.Size * font.Metrics.CapHeight / font.unitsPerEm / 2) + layoutRectangle.Height / 2;
                break;

              case XLineAlignment.Far:
                y += -formattedText.Baseline - cyDescent + layoutRectangle.Height;
                break;

              case XLineAlignment.BaseLine:
                y -= formattedText.Baseline;
                break;
            }
          }
          else
          {
            // TODOWPF
            switch (format.LineAlignment)
            {
              case XLineAlignment.Near:
                //y += cyDescent;
                break;

              case XLineAlignment.Center:
                // TODO use CapHeight. PDFlib also uses 3/4 of ascent
                //y += -(cyAscent * 3 / 4) / 2 + rect.Height / 2;
                break;

              case XLineAlignment.Far:
                //y += -cyAscent + rect.Height;
                break;

              case XLineAlignment.BaseLine:
                // nothing to do
                break;
            }
          }

          //if (bold && !descriptor.IsBoldFace)
          //{
          //  // TODO: emulate bold by thicker outline
          //}

          //if (italic && !descriptor.IsBoldFace)
          //{
          //  // TODO: emulate italic by shearing transformation
          //}

          if (underline)
          {
            formattedText.SetTextDecorations(TextDecorations.Underline);
            //double underlinePosition = lineSpace * realizedFont.FontDescriptor.descriptor.UnderlinePosition / font.cellSpace;
            //double underlineThickness = lineSpace * realizedFont.FontDescriptor.descriptor.UnderlineThickness / font.cellSpace;
            //DrawRectangle(null, brush, x, y - underlinePosition, width, underlineThickness);
          }

          if (strikeout)
          {
            formattedText.SetTextDecorations(TextDecorations.Strikethrough);
            //double strikeoutPosition = lineSpace * realizedFont.FontDescriptor.descriptor.StrikeoutPosition / font.cellSpace;
            //double strikeoutSize = lineSpace * realizedFont.FontDescriptor.descriptor.StrikeoutSize / font.cellSpace;
            //DrawRectangle(null, brush, x, y - strikeoutPosition - strikeoutSize, width, strikeoutSize);
          }


          //this.dc.DrawText(formattedText, layoutRectangle.Location.ToPoint());
          this.dc.DrawText(formattedText, new System.Windows.Point(x, y));
        }
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawString(text, font, brush, layoutRectangle, format);
    }

    // ----- MeasureString ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    /// <summary>
    /// Measures the specified string when drawn with the specified font.
    /// </summary>
03200     public XSize MeasureString(string text, XFont font, XStringFormat stringFormat)
    {
      // TODO: Here comes a lot of code in the future: kerning etc...
      if (text == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("text");
      if (font == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("font");
      if (stringFormat == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("stringFormat");

#if GDI && !WPF
      return XSize.FromSizeF(this.gfx.MeasureString(text, font.RealizeGdiFont(), new PointF(0, 0), stringFormat.RealizeGdiStringFormat()));
#endif
#if WPF && !GDI
      FormattedText formattedText = new FormattedText(text, new CultureInfo("en-us"),
        FlowDirection.LeftToRight, font.typeface, font.Height, System.Windows.Media.Brushes.Black);
      return new XSize(formattedText.WidthIncludingTrailingWhitespace, formattedText.Height);
#endif
#if WPF && GDI
      if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
      {
        XSize gdiSize = XSize.FromSizeF(this.gfx.MeasureString(text, font.RealizeGdiFont(), new PointF(0, 0), stringFormat.RealizeGdiStringFormat()));
#if DEBUG
        Debug.WriteLine(gdiSize);
#endif
        return gdiSize;
      }
      if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
      {
        //double h = font.Height;
        FormattedText formattedText = new FormattedText(text, new CultureInfo("en-us"),
          FlowDirection.LeftToRight, font.typeface, font.Size, System.Windows.Media.Brushes.Black);
        XSize wpfSize = new XSize(formattedText.WidthIncludingTrailingWhitespace, formattedText.Height);
#if DEBUG
        Debug.WriteLine(wpfSize);
#endif
        return wpfSize;
      }
      Debug.Assert(false);
      return XSize.Empty;
#endif
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Measures the specified string when drawn with the specified font.
    /// </summary>
03246     public XSize MeasureString(string text, XFont font)
    {
      return MeasureString(text, font, XStringFormats.Default);
    }

    //public SizeF MeasureString(string text, XFont font, SizeF layoutArea);
    //public SizeF MeasureString(string text, XFont font, int width);
    //public SizeF MeasureString(string text, XFont font, PointF origin, XStringFormat stringFormat);
    //public SizeF MeasureString(string text, XFont font, SizeF layoutArea, XStringFormat stringFormat);
    //public SizeF MeasureString(string text, XFont font, int width, XStringFormat format);
    //public SizeF MeasureString(string text, XFont font, SizeF layoutArea, XStringFormat stringFormat, out int charactersFitted, out int linesFilled);

    // ----- DrawImage ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified image.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawImage(XImage image, System.Drawing.Point point)
    {
      DrawImage(image, (double)point.X, (double)point.Y);
    }
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified image.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawImage(XImage image, System.Windows.Point point)
    {
      DrawImage(image, (double)point.X, (double)point.Y);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified image.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawImage(XImage image, PointF point)
    {
      DrawImage(image, point.X, point.Y);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified image.
    /// </summary>
03293     public void DrawImage(XImage image, XPoint point)
    {
      DrawImage(image, point.X, point.Y);
    }

    //TODO trapezoid transformation
    ////public void DrawImage(XImage image, Point[] destPoints);
    ////public void DrawImage(XImage image, PointF[] destPoints);
    ////public void DrawImage(XImage image, XPoint[] destPoints);

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified image.
    /// </summary>
03306     public void DrawImage(XImage image, int x, int y)
    {
      DrawImage(image, (double)x, (double)y);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified image.
    /// </summary>
03314     public void DrawImage(XImage image, double x, double y)
    {
      if (image == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("image");

      CheckXPdfFormConsistence(image);

      double width = image.PointWidth;
      double height = image.PointHeight;

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
        {
          if (image.gdiImage != null)
          {
            InterpolationMode interpolationMode = InterpolationMode.Invalid;
            if (!image.Interpolate)
            {
              interpolationMode = gfx.InterpolationMode;
              gfx.InterpolationMode = InterpolationMode.NearestNeighbor;
            }

            this.gfx.DrawImage(image.gdiImage, (float)x, (float)y, (float)width, (float)height);

            if (!image.Interpolate)
              gfx.InterpolationMode = interpolationMode;
          }
          else
          {
            DrawMissingImageRect(new XRect(x, y, width, height));
            //this.gfx.DrawRectangle(Pens.Red, (float)x, (float)y, (float)width, (float)height);
            //this.gfx.DrawLine(Pens.Red, (float)x, (float)y, (float)(x + width), (float)(y + height));
            //this.gfx.DrawLine(Pens.Red, (float)(x + width), (float)y, (float)x, (float)(y + height));
          }
        }
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
        {
          if (image.wpfImage != null)
          {
            //InterpolationMode interpolationMode = InterpolationMode.Invalid;
            //if (!image.Interpolate)
            //{
            //  interpolationMode = gfx.InterpolationMode;
            //  //gfx.InterpolationMode = InterpolationMode.NearestNeighbor;
            //}

            this.dc.DrawImage(image.wpfImage, new Rect(x, y, image.PointWidth, image.PointHeight));

            //if (!image.Interpolate)
            //  gfx.InterpolationMode = interpolationMode;
          }
          else
          {
            DrawMissingImageRect(new XRect(x, y, width, height));
            //Rect rect = new Rect(x, y, width, height);
            //System.Windows.Media.Pen pen = new System.Windows.Media.Pen(System.Windows.Media.Brushes.Red, 1);
            //this.dc.DrawRectangle(null, pen, new Rect(x, y, width, height));
            //this.dc.DrawLine(pen, new System.Windows.Point(x, y), new System.Windows.Point(x + width, y + height));
            //this.dc.DrawLine(pen, new System.Windows.Point(x + width, y), new System.Windows.Point(x, y + height));
          }
        }
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawImage(image, x, y, image.PointWidth, image.PointHeight);
      //image.Width * 72 / image.HorizontalResolution,
      //image.Height * 72 / image.HorizontalResolution);
    }

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified image.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawImage(XImage image, Rectangle rect)
    {
      DrawImage(image, (double)rect.X, (double)rect.Y, (double)rect.Width, (double)rect.Height);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified image.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawImage(XImage image, RectangleF rect)
    {
      DrawImage(image, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified image.
    /// </summary>
03411     public void DrawImage(XImage image, XRect rect)
    {
      DrawImage(image, rect.X, rect.Y, rect.Width, rect.Height);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified image.
    /// </summary>
03419     public void DrawImage(XImage image, int x, int y, int width, int height)
    {
      DrawImage(image, (double)x, (double)y, (double)width, (double)height);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified image.
    /// </summary>
03427     public void DrawImage(XImage image, double x, double y, double width, double height)
    {
      if (image == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("image");

      CheckXPdfFormConsistence(image);

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
        {
          if (image.gdiImage != null)
          {
            InterpolationMode interpolationMode = InterpolationMode.Invalid;
            if (!image.Interpolate)
            {
              interpolationMode = gfx.InterpolationMode;
              gfx.InterpolationMode = InterpolationMode.NearestNeighbor;
            }

            this.gfx.DrawImage(image.gdiImage, (float)x, (float)y, (float)width, (float)height);

            if (!image.Interpolate)
              gfx.InterpolationMode = interpolationMode;
          }
          else
          {
            XImage placeholder = null;
            if (image is XPdfForm)
            {
              XPdfForm pf = image as XPdfForm;
              if (pf.PlaceHolder != null)
                placeholder = pf.PlaceHolder;
            }
            if (placeholder != null)
              this.gfx.DrawImage(placeholder.gdiImage, (float)x, (float)y, (float)width, (float)height);
            else
            {
              DrawMissingImageRect(new XRect(x, y, width, height));
              //this.gfx.DrawRectangle(Pens.Red, (float)x, (float)y, (float)width, (float)height);
              //this.gfx.DrawLine(Pens.Red, (float)x, (float)y, (float)(x + width), (float)(y + height));
              //this.gfx.DrawLine(Pens.Red, (float)(x + width), (float)y, (float)x, (float)(y + height));
            }
          }
        }
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
        {
          if (image.wpfImage != null)
          {
            //InterpolationMode interpolationMode = InterpolationMode.Invalid;
            //if (!image.Interpolate)
            //{
            //  interpolationMode = gfx.InterpolationMode;
            //  gfx.InterpolationMode = InterpolationMode.NearestNeighbor;
            //}

            this.dc.DrawImage(image.wpfImage, new Rect(x, y, width, height));

            //if (!image.Interpolate)
            //  gfx.InterpolationMode = interpolationMode;
          }
          else
          {
            XImage placeholder = null;
            if (image is XPdfForm)
            {
              XPdfForm pf = image as XPdfForm;
              if (pf.PlaceHolder != null)
                placeholder = pf.PlaceHolder;
            }
            if (placeholder != null)
              this.dc.DrawImage(placeholder.wpfImage, new Rect(x, y, width, height));
            else
              DrawMissingImageRect(new XRect(x, y, width, height));
          }
        }
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawImage(image, x, y, width, height);
    }

    //TODO trapezoid transformation
    //public void DrawImage(XImage image, Point[] destPoints, Rectangle srcRect, GraphicsUnit srcUnit);
    //public void DrawImage(XImage image, PointF[] destPoints, RectangleF srcRect, GraphicsUnit srcUnit);
    //public void DrawImage(XImage image, XPoint[] destPoints, XRect srcRect, GraphicsUnit srcUnit);

    // TODO: calculate destination size
    //public void DrawImage(XImage image, int x, int y, Rectangle srcRect, XGraphicsUnit srcUnit)
    //public void DrawImage(XImage image, double x, double y, RectangleF srcRect, XGraphicsUnit srcUnit)
    //public void DrawImage(XImage image, double x, double y, XRect srcRect, XGraphicsUnit srcUnit)

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified image.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawImage(XImage image, Rectangle destRect, Rectangle srcRect, XGraphicsUnit srcUnit)
    {
      XRect destRectX = new XRect(destRect.X, destRect.Y, destRect.Width, destRect.Height);
      XRect srcRectX = new XRect(srcRect.X, srcRect.Y, srcRect.Width, srcRect.Height);
      DrawImage(image, destRectX, srcRectX, srcUnit);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified image.
    /// </summary>
    public void DrawImage(XImage image, RectangleF destRect, RectangleF srcRect, XGraphicsUnit srcUnit)
    {
      XRect destRectX = new XRect(destRect.X, destRect.Y, destRect.Width, destRect.Height);
      XRect srcRectX = new XRect(srcRect.X, srcRect.Y, srcRect.Width, srcRect.Height);
      DrawImage(image, destRectX, srcRectX, srcUnit);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified image.
    /// </summary>
03550     public void DrawImage(XImage image, XRect destRect, XRect srcRect, XGraphicsUnit srcUnit)
    {
      if (image == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("image");

      CheckXPdfFormConsistence(image);

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
        {
          if (image.gdiImage != null)
          {
            InterpolationMode interpolationMode = InterpolationMode.Invalid;
            if (!image.Interpolate)
            {
              interpolationMode = gfx.InterpolationMode;
              gfx.InterpolationMode = InterpolationMode.NearestNeighbor;
            }

            RectangleF destRectF = new RectangleF((float)destRect.X, (float)destRect.Y, (float)destRect.Width, (float)destRect.Height);
            RectangleF srcRectF = new RectangleF((float)srcRect.X, (float)srcRect.Y, (float)srcRect.Width, (float)srcRect.Height);
            this.gfx.DrawImage(image.gdiImage, destRectF, srcRectF, GraphicsUnit.Pixel);

            if (!image.Interpolate)
              gfx.InterpolationMode = interpolationMode;
          }
          else
          {
            DrawMissingImageRect(new XRect(destRect.x, destRect.y, destRect.width, destRect.height));
            //this.gfx.DrawRectangle(Pens.Red, (float)destRect.X, (float)destRect.Y,
            //  (float)destRect.Width, (float)destRect.Height);
            //this.gfx.DrawLine(Pens.Red, (float)destRect.X, (float)destRect.Y, (float)(destRect.X + destRect.Width), (float)(destRect.Y + destRect.Height));
            //this.gfx.DrawLine(Pens.Red, (float)(destRect.X + destRect.Width), (float)destRect.Y, (float)destRect.X, (float)(destRect.Y + destRect.Height));
          }
        }
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
        {
          throw new NotImplementedException("TODO");
        }
#endif
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.DrawImage(image, destRect, srcRect, srcUnit);
    }

    //TODO?
    //public void DrawImage(XImage image, Rectangle destRect, int srcX, int srcY, int srcWidth, int srcHeight, GraphicsUnit srcUnit);
    //public void DrawImage(XImage image, Rectangle destRect, double srcX, double srcY, double srcWidth, double srcHeight, GraphicsUnit srcUnit);
    //public void DrawImage(XImage image, Rectangle destRect, double srcX, double srcY, double srcWidth, double srcHeight, GraphicsUnit srcUnit);

    void DrawMissingImageRect(XRect rect)
    {
#if GDI
      if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
      {
        float x = (float)rect.x;
        float y = (float)rect.y;
        float width = (float)rect.width;
        float height = (float)rect.height;
        this.gfx.DrawRectangle(Pens.Red, x, y, width, height);
        this.gfx.DrawLine(Pens.Red, x, y, x + width, y + height);
        this.gfx.DrawLine(Pens.Red, x + width, y, x, y + height);
      }
#endif
#if WPF
      if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
      {
        double x = rect.x;
        double y = rect.y;
        double width = rect.width;
        double height = rect.height;
        System.Windows.Media.Pen pen = new System.Windows.Media.Pen(System.Windows.Media.Brushes.Red, 1);
        this.dc.DrawRectangle(null, pen, new Rect(x, y, width, height));
        this.dc.DrawLine(pen, new System.Windows.Point(x, y), new System.Windows.Point(x + width, y + height));
        this.dc.DrawLine(pen, new System.Windows.Point(x + width, y), new System.Windows.Point(x, y + height));
      }
#endif
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Checks whether drawing is allowed and disposes the XGraphics object, if neccessary.
    /// </summary>
03637     void CheckXPdfFormConsistence(XImage image)
    {
      XForm form = image as XForm;
      XGraphicsPdfRenderer renderer;
      if (form != null)
      {
        // Force disposing of XGraphics that draws the content
        form.Finish();

        if (this.renderer != null && (renderer = this.renderer as XGraphicsPdfRenderer) != null)
        {
          if (form.Owner != null && form.Owner != ((XGraphicsPdfRenderer)this.renderer).Owner)
            throw new InvalidOperationException(
              "A XPdfForm object is always bound to the document it was created for and cannot be drawn in the context of another document.");

          if (form == ((XGraphicsPdfRenderer)this.renderer).form)
            throw new InvalidOperationException(
              "A XPdfForm cannot be drawn on itself.");
        }
      }
    }

    // ----- DrawBarCode --------------------------------------------------------------------------

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified bar code.
    /// </summary>
03664     public void DrawBarCode(BarCodes.BarCode barcode, XPoint position)
    {
      barcode.Render(this, XBrushes.Black, null, position);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified bar code.
    /// </summary>
03672     public void DrawBarCode(BarCodes.BarCode barcode, XBrush brush, XPoint position)
    {
      barcode.Render(this, brush, null, position);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified bar code.
    /// </summary>
03680     public void DrawBarCode(BarCodes.BarCode barcode, XBrush brush, XFont font, XPoint position)
    {
      barcode.Render(this, brush, font, position);
    }

    // ----- DrawMatrixCode -----------------------------------------------------------------------

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified data matrix code.
    /// </summary>
03690     public void DrawMatrixCode(BarCodes.MatrixCode matrixcode, XPoint position)
    {
      matrixcode.Render(this, XBrushes.Black, position);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Draws the specified data matrix code.
    /// </summary>
03698     public void DrawMatrixCode(BarCodes.MatrixCode matrixcode, XBrush brush, XPoint position)
    {
      matrixcode.Render(this, brush, position);
    }

    // ----- DrawGrit -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    //[Conditional("DEBUG")]
    //public void DrawGridlines(XPoint origin, XPen majorpen, double majordelta, XPen minorpen, double minordelta)
    //{
    //  RectangleF box = new RectangleF(0, 0, 600, 850);
    //  DrawGridline(origin, minorpen, minordelta, box);
    //  DrawGridline(origin, majorpen, majordelta, box);
    //  /*
    //        float xmin = -10000f, ymin = -10000f, xmax = 10000f, ymax = 10000f;
    //        float x, y;
    //        x = origin.X;
    //        while (x < xmax)
    //        {
    //          DrawLine(majorpen, x, ymin, x, ymax);
    //          x += majordelta;
    //        }
    //        x = origin.X - majordelta;
    //        while (x > xmin)
    //        {
    //          DrawLine(majorpen, x, ymin, x, ymax);
    //          x -= majordelta;
    //        }
    //        y = origin.Y;
    //        while (y < ymax)
    //        {
    //          DrawLine(majorpen, xmin, y, xmax, y);
    //          y += majordelta;
    //        }
    //        y = origin.Y - majordelta;
    //        while (y > ymin)
    //        {
    //          DrawLine(majorpen, xmin, y, xmax, y);
    //          y -= majordelta;
    //        }
    //   */
    //}

    //[Conditional("DEBUG")]
    //void DrawGridline(XPoint origin, XPen pen, double delta, XRect box)
    //{
    //  double xmin = box.X, ymin = box.Y, xmax = box.X + box.Width, ymax = box.Y + box.Height;
    //  double x, y;
    //  y = origin.Y;
    //  while (y < ymax)
    //  {
    //    DrawLine(pen, xmin, y, xmax, y);
    //    y += delta;
    //  }
    //  y = origin.Y - delta;
    //  while (y > ymin)
    //  {
    //    DrawLine(pen, xmin, y, xmax, y);
    //    y -= delta;
    //  }
    //  x = origin.X;
    //  while (x < xmax)
    //  {
    //    DrawLine(pen, x, ymin, x, ymax);
    //    x += delta;
    //  }
    //  x = origin.X - delta;
    //  while (x > xmin)
    //  {
    //    DrawLine(pen, x, ymin, x, ymax);
    //    x -= delta;
    //  }
    //}
    #endregion

    // --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    #region Save and Restore

    /// <summary>
    /// Saves the current state of this XGraphics object and identifies the saved state with the
    /// returned XGraphicsState object.
    /// </summary>
03781     public XGraphicsState Save()
    {
      XGraphicsState xState = null;
#if GDI
      if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
      {
        xState = new XGraphicsState(this.gfx.Save());
        InternalGraphicsState iState = new InternalGraphicsState(this, xState);
        iState.Transform = this.transform;
        this.gsStack.Push(iState);
      }
#endif
#if WPF
      if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
      {
        xState = new XGraphicsState();
        InternalGraphicsState iState = new InternalGraphicsState(this, xState);
        iState.Transform = this.transform;
        this.gsStack.Push(iState);
      }
#endif
      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.Save(xState);

      return xState;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Restores the state of this XGraphics object to the state represented by the specified 
    /// XGraphicsState object.
    /// </summary>
03812     public void Restore(XGraphicsState state)
    {
      if (state == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("state");

#if GDI
      if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
      {
        this.gsStack.Restore(state.InternalState);
        this.gfx.Restore(state.GdiState);
        this.transform = state.InternalState.Transform;
      }
#endif
#if WPF
      if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
      {
        this.gsStack.Restore(state.InternalState);
        this.transform = state.InternalState.Transform;
      }
#endif

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.Restore(state);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Restores the state of this XGraphics object to the state before the most resently call of Save.
    /// </summary>
03840     public void Restore()
    {
      if (this.gsStack.Count == 0)
        throw new InvalidOperationException("Cannot restore without preceding save operation.");
      Restore(this.gsStack.Current.state);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Saves a graphics container with the current state of this XGraphics and 
    /// opens and uses a new graphics container.
    /// </summary>
03851     public XGraphicsContainer BeginContainer()
    {
      return BeginContainer(new XRect(0, 0, 1, 1), new XRect(0, 0, 1, 1), XGraphicsUnit.Point);
    }

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Saves a graphics container with the current state of this XGraphics and 
    /// opens and uses a new graphics container.
    /// </summary>
    public XGraphicsContainer BeginContainer(Rectangle dstrect, Rectangle srcrect, XGraphicsUnit unit)
    {
      return BeginContainer(new XRect(dstrect), new XRect(dstrect), unit);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Saves a graphics container with the current state of this XGraphics and 
    /// opens and uses a new graphics container.
    /// </summary>
    public XGraphicsContainer BeginContainer(RectangleF dstrect, RectangleF srcrect, XGraphicsUnit unit)
    {
      return BeginContainer(new XRect(dstrect), new XRect(dstrect), unit);
    }
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Saves a graphics container with the current state of this XGraphics and 
    /// opens and uses a new graphics container.
    /// </summary>
    public XGraphicsContainer BeginContainer(Rect dstrect, Rect srcrect, XGraphicsUnit unit)
    {
      return BeginContainer(new XRect(dstrect), new XRect(dstrect), unit);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Saves a graphics container with the current state of this XGraphics and 
    /// opens and uses a new graphics container.
    /// </summary>
03893     public XGraphicsContainer BeginContainer(XRect dstrect, XRect srcrect, XGraphicsUnit unit)
    {
      // TODO: unit
      if (unit != XGraphicsUnit.Point)
        throw new ArgumentException("The current implementation supports XGraphicsUnit.Point only.", "unit");

      XGraphicsContainer xContainer = null;
#if GDI
      if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
        xContainer = new XGraphicsContainer(this.gfx.Save());
#endif
#if WPF
      if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
        xContainer = new XGraphicsContainer();
#endif
      InternalGraphicsState iState = new InternalGraphicsState(this, xContainer);
      iState.Transform = this.transform;

      this.gsStack.Push(iState);

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.BeginContainer(xContainer, dstrect, srcrect, unit);

      XMatrix matrix = XMatrix.Identity;
#if true
      double scaleX = dstrect.Width / srcrect.Width;
      double scaleY = dstrect.Height / srcrect.Height;
      matrix.TranslatePrepend(-srcrect.X, -srcrect.Y);
      matrix.ScalePrepend(scaleX, scaleY);
      matrix.TranslatePrepend(dstrect.X / scaleX, dstrect.Y / scaleY);
#else
      matrix.Translate(-dstrect.X, -dstrect.Y);
      matrix.Scale(dstrect.Width / srcrect.Width, dstrect.Height / srcrect.Height);
      matrix.Translate(srcrect.X, srcrect.Y);
#endif
      AddTransform(matrix, XMatrixOrder.Prepend);

      return xContainer;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Closes the current graphics container and restores the state of this XGraphics 
    /// to the state saved by a call to the BeginContainer method.
    /// </summary>
03937     public void EndContainer(XGraphicsContainer container)
    {
      if (container == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("container");

      this.gsStack.Restore(container.InternalState);
#if GDI
      if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
        this.gfx.Restore(container.GdiState);
#endif
#if WPF
      // nothing to do
#endif
      this.transform = container.InternalState.Transform;

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.EndContainer(container);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Gets the current graphics state level. The default value is 0. Each call of Save or BeginContainer
    /// increased and each call of Restore or EndContainer decreased the value by 1.
    /// </summary>
    public int GraphicsStateLevel
03961     {
      get { return this.gsStack.Count; }
    }

    #endregion

    // --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    #region Properties

    /// <summary>
    /// Gets or sets the smoothing mode.
    /// </summary>
    /// <value>The smoothing mode.</value>
    public XSmoothingMode SmoothingMode
03976     {
      get
      {
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
          return (XSmoothingMode)this.gfx.SmoothingMode;
#endif
#if WPF
        // nothing to do
#endif
        return this.smoothingMode;
      }
      set
      {
        this.smoothingMode = value;
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
          this.gfx.SmoothingMode = (SmoothingMode)value;
#endif
#if WPF
        // nothing to do
#endif
      }
    }
    XSmoothingMode smoothingMode;

    //public Region Clip { get; set; }
    //public RectangleF ClipBounds { get; }
    //public CompositingMode CompositingMode { get; set; }
    //public CompositingQuality CompositingQuality { get; set; }
    //public float DpiX { get; }
    //public float DpiY { get; }
    //public InterpolationMode InterpolationMode { get; set; }
    //public bool IsClipEmpty { get; }
    //public bool IsVisibleClipEmpty { get; }
    //public float PageScale { get; set; }
    //public GraphicsUnit PageUnit { get; set; }
    //public PixelOffsetMode PixelOffsetMode { get; set; }
    //public Point RenderingOrigin { get; set; }
    //public SmoothingMode SmoothingMode { get; set; }
    //public int TextContrast { get; set; }
    //public TextRenderingHint TextRenderingHint { get; set; }
    //public Matrix Transform { get; set; }
    //public RectangleF VisibleClipBounds { get; }

    #endregion

    // --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    #region Transformation

    /// <summary>
    /// Applies the specified translation operation to the transformation matrix of this object by 
    /// prepending it to the object's transformation matrix.
    /// </summary>
04031     public void TranslateTransform(double dx, double dy)
    {
      XMatrix matrix = XMatrix.Identity;
      matrix.TranslatePrepend(dx, dy);
      AddTransform(matrix, XMatrixOrder.Prepend);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Applies the specified translation operation to the transformation matrix of this object
    /// in the specified order.
    /// </summary>
04042     public void TranslateTransform(double dx, double dy, XMatrixOrder order)
    {
      //XMatrix matrix = this.transform;
      //matrix.Translate(dx, dy, order);
      //Transform = matrix;
      XMatrix matrix = XMatrix.Identity;
      matrix.TranslatePrepend(dx, dy);
      AddTransform(matrix, order);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Applies the specified scaling operation to the transformation matrix of this object by 
    /// prepending it to the object's transformation matrix.
    /// </summary>
04056     public void ScaleTransform(double scaleX, double scaleY)
    {
      //ScaleTransform(scaleX, scaleY, XMatrixOrder.Prepend);
      XMatrix matrix = XMatrix.Identity;
      matrix.ScalePrepend(scaleX, scaleY);
      AddTransform(matrix, XMatrixOrder.Prepend);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Applies the specified scaling operation to the transformation matrix of this object
    /// in the specified order.
    /// </summary>
04068     public void ScaleTransform(double scaleX, double scaleY, XMatrixOrder order)
    {
      //XMatrix matrix = this.transform;
      //matrix.Scale(scaleX, scaleY, order);
      //Transform = matrix;
      XMatrix matrix = XMatrix.Identity;
      matrix.ScalePrepend(scaleX, scaleY);
      AddTransform(matrix, order);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Applies the specified scaling operation to the transformation matrix of this object by 
    /// prepending it to the object's transformation matrix.
    /// </summary>
04082     public void ScaleTransform(double scaleXY)
    {
      //ScaleTransform(scaleXY, scaleXY, XMatrixOrder.Prepend);
      XMatrix matrix = XMatrix.Identity;
      matrix.ScalePrepend(scaleXY, scaleXY);
      AddTransform(matrix, XMatrixOrder.Prepend);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Applies the specified scaling operation to the transformation matrix of this object
    /// in the specified order.
    /// </summary>
04094     public void ScaleTransform(double scaleXY, XMatrixOrder order)
    {
      //XMatrix matrix = this.transform;
      //matrix.Scale(scaleXY, scaleXY, order);
      //Transform = matrix;
      XMatrix matrix = XMatrix.Identity;
      matrix.ScalePrepend(scaleXY, scaleXY);
      AddTransform(matrix, order);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Applies the specified rotation operation to the transformation matrix of this object by 
    /// prepending it to the object's transformation matrix.
    /// </summary>
04108     public void RotateTransform(double angle)
    {
      //RotateTransform(angle, XMatrixOrder.Prepend);
      XMatrix matrix = XMatrix.Identity;
      matrix.RotatePrepend(angle);
      AddTransform(matrix, XMatrixOrder.Prepend);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Applies the specified rotation operation to the transformation matrix of this object
    /// in the specified order. The angle unit of measure is degree.
    /// </summary>
04120     public void RotateTransform(double angle, XMatrixOrder order)
    {
      //XMatrix matrix = this.transform;
      //matrix.Rotate(angle, order);
      //Transform = matrix;
      XMatrix matrix = XMatrix.Identity;
      matrix.RotatePrepend(angle);
      AddTransform(matrix, order);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Applies the specified rotation operation to the transformation matrix of this object by 
    /// prepending it to the object's transformation matrix.
    /// </summary>
04134     public void RotateAtTransform(double angle, XPoint point)
    {
      //RotateAtTransform(angle, point, XMatrixOrder.Prepend);
      XMatrix matrix = XMatrix.Identity;
      matrix.RotateAtPrepend(angle, point);
      AddTransform(matrix, XMatrixOrder.Prepend);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Applies the specified rotation operation to the transformation matrix of this object by 
    /// prepending it to the object's transformation matrix.
    /// </summary>
04146     public void RotateAtTransform(double angle, XPoint point, XMatrixOrder order)
    {
      //XMatrix matrix = this.transform;
      //matrix.RotateAt(angle, point, order);
      //Transform = matrix;
      XMatrix matrix = XMatrix.Identity;
      matrix.RotateAtPrepend(angle, point);
      AddTransform(matrix, order);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Applies the specified shearing operation to the transformation matrix of this object by 
    /// prepending it to the object's transformation matrix.
    /// </summary>
04160     public void ShearTransform(double shearX, double shearY)
    {
      XMatrix matrix = XMatrix.Identity;
      matrix.ShearPrepend(shearX, shearY);
      AddTransform(matrix, XMatrixOrder.Prepend);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Applies the specified shearing operation to the transformation matrix of this object
    /// in the specified order.
    /// </summary>
04171     public void ShearTransform(double shearX, double shearY, XMatrixOrder order)
    {
      XMatrix matrix = XMatrix.Identity;
      matrix.ShearPrepend(shearX, shearY);
      AddTransform(matrix, order);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Multiplies the transformation matrix of this object and specified matrix.
    /// </summary>
04181     public void MultiplyTransform(XMatrix matrix)
    {
      //MultiplyTransform(matrix, XMatrixOrder.Prepend);
      XMatrix matrix2 = XMatrix.Identity;
      matrix2.Prepend(matrix);
      AddTransform(matrix2, XMatrixOrder.Prepend);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Multiplies the transformation matrix of this object and specified matrix in the specified order.
    /// </summary>
04192     public void MultiplyTransform(XMatrix matrix, XMatrixOrder order)
    {
      //XMatrix matrix2 = this.transform;
      //matrix2.Multiply(matrix, order);
      //Transform = matrix2;
      XMatrix matrix2 = XMatrix.Identity;
      matrix2.Prepend(matrix);
      AddTransform(matrix2, order);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Gets or sets the transformation matrix.
    /// </summary>
    [Obsolete]
    public XMatrix Transform
04207     {
      get { return this.transform; }
      set
      {
        throw new InvalidOperationException(PSSR.ObsoleteFunktionCalled);
        //        if (!this.transform.Equals(value))
        //        {
        //          this.transform = value;
        //          XMatrix matrix = this.defaultViewMatrix;
        //          matrix.Multiply(value);
        //#if GDI
        //          if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
        //            this.gfx.Transform = (System.Drawing.Drawing2D.Matrix)matrix;
        //#endif
        //#if WPF
        //          if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
        //          {
        //            MatrixTransform transform = new MatrixTransform(value.ToWpfMatrix());
        //            this.gsStack.Current.SetTransform(transform);
        //          }
        //#endif
        //          if (this.renderer != null)
        //            this.renderer.Transform = value;
        //        }
      }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Gets or sets the transformation matrix.
    /// </summary>
04237     void AddTransform(XMatrix transform, XMatrixOrder order)
    {
      //if (!this.transform.Equals(value))
      {
        XMatrix matrix = this.transform;
        matrix.Multiply(transform, order);
        this.transform = matrix;
        matrix = this.defaultViewMatrix;
        matrix.Multiply(this.transform, XMatrixOrder.Prepend);
#if GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
          this.gfx.Transform = (System.Drawing.Drawing2D.Matrix)matrix;
#endif
#if WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
        {
          MatrixTransform mt = new MatrixTransform(transform.ToWpfMatrix());
          if (order == XMatrixOrder.Append)
            mt = (MatrixTransform)mt.Inverse;
          this.gsStack.Current.SetTransform(mt);
        }
#endif
        if (this.renderer != null)
          this.renderer.Transform = this.transform;
      }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Resets the transformation matrix of this object to the identity matrix.
    /// </summary>
    [Obsolete("Use Save/Restore to reset transformation.")]
04268     public void ResetTransform()
    {
      throw new InvalidOperationException(PSSR.ObsoleteFunktionCalled);
      //      if (!this.transform.IsIdentity)
      //      {
      //        this.transform = XMatrix.Identity;
      //#if GDI
      //        this.gfx.Transform = (System.Drawing.Drawing2D.Matrix)this.defaultViewMatrix;
      //#endif
      //#if WPF
      //        // TODOWPF
      //        //this.gfx.Transform = (Matrix)this.defaultViewMatrix;
      //#endif

      //        if (this.renderer != null)
      //          this.renderer.Transform = this.transform;
      //      }
    }

    //public void TransformPoints(CoordinateSpace destSpace, CoordinateSpace srcSpace, Point[] points)
    //{
    //}
    //
    //public void TransformPoints(CoordinateSpace destSpace, CoordinateSpace srcSpace, PointF[] points)
    //{
    //}

    #endregion

    // --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    #region Clipping

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Sets the clipping region to the specified rectangle.
    /// </summary>
    [Obsolete("Use IntersectClip")]
    public void SetClip(Rectangle rect)
    {
      XGraphicsPath path = new XGraphicsPath();
      path.AddRectangle(rect);
      SetClip(path, XCombineMode.Replace);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Sets the clipping region to the specified rectangle.
    /// </summary>
    [Obsolete("Use IntersectClip")]
    public void SetClip(RectangleF rect)
    {
      //XGraphicsPath path = new XGraphicsPath();
      //path.AddRectangle(rect);
      //SetClip(path, XCombineMode.Replace);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Sets the clipping region to the specified rectangle.
    /// </summary>
    [Obsolete("Use IntersectClip", true)]
04331     public void SetClip(XRect rect)
    {
      //XGraphicsPath path = new XGraphicsPath();
      //path.AddRectangle(rect);
      //SetClip(path, XCombineMode.Replace);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Sets the clipping region to the specified graphical path.
    /// </summary>
    [Obsolete("Use IntersectClip", true)]
04342     public void SetClip(XGraphicsPath path)
    {
      //SetClip(path, XCombineMode.Replace);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Sets the clipping region to the specified graphical path.
    /// </summary>
    [Obsolete("Use IntersectClip", true)]
04351     public void SetClip(XRect rect, XCombineMode combineMode)
    {
      //XGraphicsPath path = new XGraphicsPath();
      //path.AddRectangle(rect);
      //SetClip(path, combineMode);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Sets the clipping region to the specified graphical path.
    /// </summary>
    [Obsolete("Use IntersectClip", true)]
04362     public void SetClip(XGraphicsPath path, XCombineMode combineMode)
    {
      throw new InvalidOperationException("Frankly, user IntersectClip!");
      //      if (path == null)
      //        throw new ArgumentNullException("path");

      //      if (combineMode != XCombineMode.Replace && combineMode != XCombineMode.Intersect)
      //        throw new ArgumentException("Only XCombineMode.Replace and XCombineMode.Intersect are currently supported by PDFsharp.", "combineMode");

      //      if (this.drawGraphics)
      //      {
      //#if GDI
      //        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
      //          this.gfx.SetClip(path.gdipPath, (CombineMode)combineMode);
      //#endif
      //#if WPF
      //        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
      //          GetType();
      //        //this.gfx.Transform = (Matrix)this.defaultViewMatrix;
      //#endif
      //      }

      //if (this.renderer != null)
      //  this.renderer.SetClip(path, combineMode);
    }

#if nyi
    public void ExcludeClip(Rectangle rect)
    {
      throw new NotImplementedException("ExcludeClip");
    }

    public void ExcludeClip(RectangleF rect)
    {
      throw new NotImplementedException("ExcludeClip");
    }

    public void ExcludeClip(XRect rect)
    {
      throw new NotImplementedException("ExcludeClip");
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Updates the clip region of this XGraphics to the intersection of the 
    /// current clip region and the specified rectangle.
    /// </summary>
    public void IntersectClip(Rectangle rect)
    {
      XGraphicsPath path = new XGraphicsPath();
      path.AddRectangle(rect);
      IntersectClip(path);
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Updates the clip region of this XGraphics to the intersection of the 
    /// current clip region and the specified rectangle.
    /// </summary>
    public void IntersectClip(RectangleF rect)
    {
      XGraphicsPath path = new XGraphicsPath();
      path.AddRectangle(rect);
      IntersectClip(path);
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Updates the clip region of this XGraphics to the intersection of the 
    /// current clip region and the specified rectangle.
    /// </summary>
04435     public void IntersectClip(XRect rect)
    {
      XGraphicsPath path = new XGraphicsPath();
      path.AddRectangle(rect);
      IntersectClip(path);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Updates the clip region of this XGraphics to the intersection of the 
    /// current clip region and the specified graphical path.
    /// </summary>
04446     public void IntersectClip(XGraphicsPath path)
    {
      if (path == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("path");

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
#if GDI && WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
        {
          //this.gfx.SetClip(path.gdipPath, CombineMode.Intersect);
          this.gfx.SetClip(path.gdipPath, CombineMode.Intersect);
        }
        else
        {
          //this.dc.p.renderer.SetClip(path, XCombineMode.Intersect);
          this.gsStack.Current.SetClip(path.pathGeometry);
        }
#endif
#if GDI && !WPF
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.GDI)
          this.gfx.SetClip(path.gdipPath, CombineMode.Intersect);
#endif
#if WPF && !GDI
        if (this.targetContext == XGraphicTargetContext.WPF)
          this.gsStack.Current.SetClip(path.pathGeometry);
#endif
      }
      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.SetClip(path, XCombineMode.Intersect);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Resets the clip region of this XGraphics to an infinite region, 
    /// i.e. no clipping takes place.
    /// </summary>
    [Obsolete("Use Save/Restore pairs to reset clip area.", true)]
04483     public void ResetClip()
    {
      throw new InvalidOperationException("ResetClip is obsolete.");
      //      if (this.drawGraphics)
      //      {
      //#if GDI
      //        this.gfx.ResetClip();
      //#endif
      //#if WPF
      //        //this.gfx.Transform = (Matrix)this.defaultViewMatrix;
      //#endif
      //      }

      //      if (this.renderer != null)
      //        this.renderer.ResetClip();
    }

    //public void SetClip(Graphics g);
    //public void SetClip(Graphics g, CombineMode combineMode);
    //public void SetClip(GraphicsPath path, CombineMode combineMode);
    //public void SetClip(Rectangle rect, CombineMode combineMode);
    //public void SetClip(RectangleF rect, CombineMode combineMode);
    //public void SetClip(Region region, CombineMode combineMode);
    //public void IntersectClip(Region region);
    //public void ExcludeClip(Region region);

    #endregion

    // --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    #region Miscellaneous

    /// <summary>
    /// Writes a comment to the output stream. Comments have no effect on the rendering of the output.
    /// They may be useful to mark a position in a content stream of a PDF document.
    /// </summary>
04519     public void WriteComment(string comment)
    {
      if (comment == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("comment");

      if (this.drawGraphics)
      {
        // TODO: Do something if metafile?
      }

      if (this.renderer != null)
        this.renderer.WriteComment(comment);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Permits acces to internal data.
    /// </summary>
    public XGraphicsInternals Internals
04537     {
      get
      {
        if (this.internals == null)
          this.internals = new XGraphicsInternals(this);
        return this.internals;
      }
    }
    XGraphicsInternals internals;

    /// <summary>
    /// (Under construction. May change in future versions.)
    /// </summary>
    public SpaceTransformer Transformer
04551     {
      get
      {
        if (this.transformer == null)
          this.transformer = new SpaceTransformer(this);
        return this.transformer;
      }
    }
    SpaceTransformer transformer;

    #endregion

    // --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    #region Internal Helper Functions

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Converts a Point[] into a PointF[].
    /// </summary>
    internal static PointF[] MakePointFArray(System.Drawing.Point[] points)
    {
      if (points == null)
        return null;

      int count = points.Length;
      PointF[] result = new PointF[count];
      for (int idx = 0; idx < count; idx++)
      {
        result[idx].X = points[idx].X;
        result[idx].Y = points[idx].Y;
      }
      return result;
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Converts a XPoint[] into a PointF[].
    /// </summary>
    internal static PointF[] MakePointFArray(XPoint[] points)
    {
      if (points == null)
        return null;

      int count = points.Length;
      PointF[] result = new PointF[count];
      for (int idx = 0; idx < count; idx++)
      {
        result[idx].X = (float)points[idx].x;
        result[idx].Y = (float)points[idx].y;
      }
      return result;
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Converts a Point[] into a XPoint[].
    /// </summary>
    internal static XPoint[] MakeXPointArray(System.Drawing.Point[] points)
    {
      if (points == null)
        return null;

      int count = points.Length;
      XPoint[] result = new XPoint[count];
      for (int idx = 0; idx < count; idx++)
      {
        result[idx].x = points[idx].X;
        result[idx].y = points[idx].Y;
      }
      return result;
    }
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Converts a Point[] into a XPoint[].
    /// </summary>
    internal static XPoint[] MakeXPointArray(System.Windows.Point[] points)
    {
      if (points == null)
        return null;

      int count = points.Length;
      XPoint[] result = new XPoint[count];
      for (int idx = 0; idx < count; idx++)
      {
        result[idx].x = points[idx].X;
        result[idx].y = points[idx].Y;
      }
      return result;
    }
#endif

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Converts a PointF[] into a XPoint[].
    /// </summary>
    internal static XPoint[] MakeXPointArray(PointF[] points)
    {
      if (points == null)
        return null;

      int count = points.Length;
      XPoint[] result = new XPoint[count];
      for (int idx = 0; idx < count; idx++)
      {
        result[idx].x = points[idx].X;
        result[idx].y = points[idx].Y;
      }
      return result;
    }
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Converts an XPoint[] into a Point[].
    /// </summary>
    internal static System.Windows.Point[] MakePointArray(XPoint[] points)
    {
      if (points == null)
        return null;

      int count = points.Length;
      System.Windows.Point[] result = new System.Windows.Point[count];
      for (int idx = 0; idx < count; idx++)
      {
        result[idx].X = points[idx].X;
        result[idx].Y = points[idx].Y;
      }
      return result;
    }
#endif

    #endregion

    ////    /// <summary>
    ////    /// Testcode
    ////    /// </summary>
    ////    public void TestXObject(PdfDocument thisDoc, PdfPage thisPage, int page, 
    ////      PdfDocument externalDoc, ImportedObjectTable impDoc)
    ////    {
    ////      PdfPage impPage = externalDoc.Pages[page];
    ////      //      impDoc.ImportPage(impPage);
    ////      PdfFormXObject form = new PdfFormXObject(thisDoc, impDoc, impPage);
    ////      thisDoc.xrefTable.Add(form);
    ////
    ////      PdfDictionary xobjects = new PdfDictionary();
    ////      xobjects.Elements["/X42"] = form.XRef;
    ////      thisPage.Resources.Elements[PdfResources.Keys.XObject] = xobjects;
    ////      ((XGraphicsPdfRenderer)this.renderer).DrawXObject("/X42");
    ////    }

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Always defined System.Drawing.Graphics object. Used as 'query context' for PDF pages.
    /// </summary>
    internal Graphics gfx;
#endif

#if WPF
    /// <summary>
    /// Always defined System.Drawing.Graphics object. Used as 'query context' for PDF pages.
    /// </summary>
    DrawingVisual dv;
    internal DrawingContext dc;
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// The transformation matrix from the XGraphics page space to the Graphics world space.
    /// (The name 'default view matrix' comes from Microsoft OS/2 Presentation Manager. I choose
    /// this name because I have no better one.)
    /// </summary>
04726     internal XMatrix defaultViewMatrix = XMatrix.Identity;

    /// <summary>
    /// Indicates whether to send drawing operations to this.gfx or this.dc.
    /// </summary>
04731     bool drawGraphics;

    XForm form;

#if GDI
    internal Metafile metafile;
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Interface to an (optional) renderer. Currently it is the XGraphicsPdfRenderer, if defined.
    /// </summary>
04742     IXGraphicsRenderer renderer;

    /// <summary>
    /// The transformation matrix from XGraphics world space to page unit space.
    /// </summary>
04747     internal XMatrix transform = XMatrix.Identity;

    /// <summary>
    /// The graphics state stack.
    /// </summary>
04752     GraphicsStateStack gsStack;

    /// <summary>
    /// Gets the PDF page that serves as drawing surface if PDF is rendered, otherwise null.
    /// </summary>
    public PdfPage PdfPage
04758     {
      get
      {
        XGraphicsPdfRenderer renderer = this.renderer as PdfSharp.Drawing.Pdf.XGraphicsPdfRenderer;
        return renderer != null ? renderer.page : null;
      }
    }

#if GDI
    /// <summary>
    /// Gets the System.Drawing.Graphics objects that serves as drawing surface if no PDF is rendered,
    /// or null, if no such object exists.
    /// </summary>
    public Graphics Graphics
    {
      get { return this.gfx; }
    }
#endif

    /// <summary>
    /// Privides access to internal data structures of the XGraphics class.
    /// </summary>
04780     public class XGraphicsInternals
    {
      internal XGraphicsInternals(XGraphics gfx)
      {
        this.gfx = gfx;
      }
      XGraphics gfx;

#if GDI
      /// <summary>
      /// Gets the underlying Graphics object.
      /// </summary>
      public Graphics Graphics
      {
        get { return this.gfx.gfx; }
      }
#endif

      /// <summary>
      /// If PDF is rendered, sets the tz value.
      /// </summary>
04801       public void SetPdfTz(double value)
      {
        XGraphicsPdfRenderer renderer = this.gfx.renderer as XGraphicsPdfRenderer;
        if (renderer != null)
          renderer.AppendFormat(String.Format(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture, "{0:0.###} Tz\n", value));
      }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// (This class is under construction.)
    /// </summary>
04812     public class SpaceTransformer
    {
      internal SpaceTransformer(XGraphics gfx)
      {
        this.gfx = gfx;
      }
      XGraphics gfx;

      /// <summary>
      /// Gets the smalles rectangle in default page space units that completely encloses the specified rect
      /// in world space units.
      /// </summary>
04824       public XRect WorldToDefaultPage(XRect rect)
      {
        XPoint[] points = new XPoint[4];
        points[0] = new XPoint(rect.x, rect.y);
        points[1] = new XPoint(rect.x + rect.width, rect.y);
        points[2] = new XPoint(rect.x, rect.y + rect.height);
        points[3] = new XPoint(rect.x + rect.width, rect.y + rect.height);

        XMatrix matrix = this.gfx.transform;
        matrix.TransformPoints(points);

        double height = this.gfx.PageSize.height;
        points[0].y = height - points[0].y;
        points[1].y = height - points[1].y;
        points[2].y = height - points[2].y;
        points[3].y = height - points[3].y;

        double xmin = Math.Min(Math.Min(points[0].x, points[1].x), Math.Min(points[2].x, points[3].x));
        double xmax = Math.Max(Math.Max(points[0].x, points[1].x), Math.Max(points[2].x, points[3].x));
        double ymin = Math.Min(Math.Min(points[0].y, points[1].y), Math.Min(points[2].y, points[3].y));
        double ymax = Math.Max(Math.Max(points[0].y, points[1].y), Math.Max(points[2].y, points[3].y));

        return new XRect(xmin, ymin, xmax - xmin, ymax - ymin);
      }
    }
  }
}

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